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BACKGROUND High rates of comorbid anxiety disorders have been described in individuals with bipolar disorder. Although it is well recognized that anxiety disorders often co-occur with bipolar disorder, few studies have examined the impact of more than 1 anxiety disorder on long-term outcome in patients with bipolar disorder. METHOD The rates of DSM-IV(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effect of different antidepressants on induction of mania and cycle acceleration, commonly accepted unwanted effects of antidepressant treatment for acute bipolar depression. There is, however, the suggestion that certain classes of antidepressants may be less likely than others to cause these unwanted effects. METHOD We conducted(More)
OBJECTIVE Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has been controversially associated with long-lasting memory problems. Verbal learning and memory deficits are commonly reported in studies of people with bipolar disorder (BD). Whether memory deficits can be exacerbated in patients with BD who receive ECT has, to our knowledge, not been systematically examined. We(More)
OBJECTIVE The treatment of bipolar depression is a significant clinical problem that remains understudied. The role for antidepressant (AD) agents vs. mood stabilizers has been particularly problematic to ascertain. METHOD Detailed life charting data from 42 patients with 67 depressive episodes were reviewed. Response rates and rates of switch into mania(More)
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