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Mitochondria integrate metabolic networks for maintaining bioenergetic requirements. Deregulation of mitochondrial metabolic networks can lead to mitochondrial dysfunction, which is a common hallmark of many diseases. Reversible post-translational protein acetylation modifications are emerging as critical regulators of mitochondrial function and form a(More)
Usher syndrome (USH) is the most frequent cause of combined deaf-blindness in man. USH is clinically and genetically heterogeneous with at least 11 chromosomal loci assigned to the three USH types (USH1A-G, USH2A-C, USH3A). Although the different USH types exhibit almost the same phenotype in human, the identified USH genes encode for proteins which belong(More)
Mutations in the DFNB31 gene encoding the PDZ scaffold protein whirlin are causative for hearing loss in man and mouse. Whirlin is known to be essential for the elongation process of the stereocilia of sensory hair cells in the inner ear, though its complete spatial and temporal expression patterns remained elusive. Here, we demonstrate that, in embryonic(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperlysinemia is an autosomal recessive inborn error of L-lysine degradation. To date only one causal mutation in the AASS gene encoding α-aminoadipic semialdehyde synthase has been reported. We aimed to better define the genetic basis of hyperlysinemia. METHODS We collected the clinical, biochemical and molecular data in a cohort of 8(More)
OBJECTIVE Genotype a family trait with autosomal dominant nonsyndromic sensorineural hearing impairment guided only by the phenotype. STUDY DESIGN Family study. SETTING Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS Fifteen family members. METHODS In the first phase, sequence analysis was performed on DNA isolated from buccal swabs of the proband and her(More)
The importance of mitochondrial fatty acid β-oxidation (FAO) as a glucose-sparing process is illustrated by patients with inherited defects in FAO, who may present with life-threatening fasting-induced hypoketotic hypoglycemia. It is unknown why peripheral glucose demand outpaces hepatic gluconeogenesis in these patients. In this study, we have(More)
Oxidative phosphorylation and fatty acid oxidation are two major metabolic pathways in mitochondria. Acyl-CoA dehydrogenase 9 (ACAD9), an enzyme assumed to play a role in fatty acid oxidation, was recently identified as a factor involved in complex I biogenesis. Here we further investigated the role of ACAD9's enzymatic activity in fatty acid oxidation and(More)
Dienoyl-CoA reductase (DECR) deficiency with hyperlysinemia is a rare disorder affecting the metabolism of polyunsaturated fatty acids and lysine. The molecular basis of this condition is currently unknown. We describe a new case with failure to thrive, developmental delay, lactic acidosis and severe encephalopathy suggestive of a mitochondrial disorder.(More)
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