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Mutations in the DFNB31 gene encoding the PDZ scaffold protein whirlin are causative for hearing loss in man and mouse. Whirlin is known to be essential for the elongation process of the stereocilia of sensory hair cells in the inner ear, though its complete spatial and temporal expression patterns remained elusive. Here, we demonstrate that, in embryonic(More)
Usher syndrome (USH) is the most frequent cause of combined deaf-blindness in man. USH is clinically and genetically heterogeneous with at least 11 chromosomal loci assigned to the three USH types (USH1A-G, USH2A-C, USH3A). Although the different USH types exhibit almost the same phenotype in human, the identified USH genes encode for proteins which belong(More)
OBJECTIVE Genotype a family trait with autosomal dominant nonsyndromic sensorineural hearing impairment guided only by the phenotype. STUDY DESIGN Family study. SETTING Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS Fifteen family members. METHODS In the first phase, sequence analysis was performed on DNA isolated from buccal swabs of the proband and her(More)
Usher syndrome type II (USH2) is characterised by moderate to severe high-frequency hearing impairment, progressive visual loss due to retinitis pigmentosa and intact vestibular responses. Three loci are known for USH2, however, only the gene for USH2a (USH2A) has been identified. Mutation analysis of USH2A was performed in 70 Dutch USH2 families. Ten(More)
Mitochondria integrate metabolic networks for maintaining bioenergetic requirements. Deregulation of mitochondrial metabolic networks can lead to mitochondrial dysfunction, which is a common hallmark of many diseases. Reversible post-translational protein acetylation modifications are emerging as critical regulators of mitochondrial function and form a(More)
BACKGROUND Usher syndrome, a combination of retinitis pigmentosa (RP) and sensorineural hearing loss with or without vestibular dysfunction, displays a high degree of clinical and genetic heterogeneity. Three clinical subtypes can be distinguished, based on the age of onset and severity of the hearing impairment, and the presence or absence of vestibular(More)
The importance of mitochondrial fatty acid β-oxidation (FAO) as a glucose-sparing process is illustrated by patients with inherited defects in FAO, who may present with life-threatening fasting-induced hypoketotic hypoglycemia. It is unknown why peripheral glucose demand outpaces hepatic gluconeogenesis in these patients. In this study, we have(More)
Acylcarnitines are commonly used in the diagnosis of mitochondrial fatty acid β-oxidation disorders (mFAODs). It is generally assumed that this plasma acylcarnitine profile reflects the mitochondrial accumulation of acyl-CoAs. The identity of the enzymes and the mitochondrial and plasmalemmal transporters involved in the synthesis and export of these(More)
Fatty acid β-oxidation may occur in both mitochondria and peroxisomes. While peroxisomes oxidize specific carboxylic acids such as very long-chain fatty acids, branched-chain fatty acids, bile acids, and fatty dicarboxylic acids, mitochondria oxidize long-, medium-, and short-chain fatty acids. Oxidation of long-chain substrates requires the carnitine(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperlysinemia is an autosomal recessive inborn error of L-lysine degradation. To date only one causal mutation in the AASS gene encoding α-aminoadipic semialdehyde synthase has been reported. We aimed to better define the genetic basis of hyperlysinemia. METHODS We collected the clinical, biochemical and molecular data in a cohort of 8(More)