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OBJECTIVES The purpose of this document is to make the output of the International Working Group for Intravascular Optical Coherence Tomography (IWG-IVOCT) Standardization and Validation available to medical and scientific communities, through a peer-reviewed publication, in the interest of improving the diagnosis and treatment of patients with(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was designed to evaluate whether rapid endothelialization of stainless steel stents with a functional endothelium prevents stent thrombosis and reduces the restenotic process. BACKGROUND A "pro-healing" approach for prevention of post-stenting restenosis is theoretically favored over the use of cytotoxic or cytostatic local(More)
BACKGROUND With the thrombogenic tendency and permanent implant nature of metallic stents, synthetic polymers have been proposed as candidate materials for stents and local drug delivery designs. We investigated the biocompatibility of several synthetic polymers after experimental placement in the coronary artery. METHODS AND RESULTS Five different(More)
Regeneration of infarcted myocardium by injecting stem cells has been proposed to prevent heart failure. We studied the i.c. administration of human umbilical cord blood stem cells (USSC) in a porcine model of myocardial infarction (MI) and reperfusion. In 15 swine, MI was induced by balloon-occlusion of the left circumflex coronary artery (LCX) for 2 h(More)
BACKGROUND With the use of optical coherence tomography (OCT), alterations of the reflectance characteristics of everolimus-eluting bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) struts have been reported in humans. In the absence of histology, the interpretation of the appearances of the struts by OCT remains speculative. We therefore report OCT findings with(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) and stent implantation with respect to the long-term changes they induce in the newly formed endothelium in porcine coronary arteries by studying both morphological and functional parameters of the endothelium at 2 weeks and 3 months after intervention. BACKGROUND Problems(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to compare efficacy of low- and high-dose sirolimus release (25, 40, or 100 microg) from hydroxyapatite (HAp) with Cypher (Cordis, Johnson & Johnson, Warren, New Jersey) (111 microg sirolimus) in porcine coronary arteries. BACKGROUND Polymer-based sirolimus-eluting stents such as Cypher interfere with vascular healing,(More)
BACKGROUND Stent restenosis is an infrequent but poorly understood clinical problem in the drug-eluting stent era. The aim of the study was to evaluate the morphologic characteristics of stent restenosis by optical coherence tomography (OCT). METHODS Patients (n = 24, 25 vessels) presenting with angiographically documented stent restenosis were included.(More)
BACKGROUND Although peri-strut low-intensity area (PLIA) is frequently observed on post-stenting optical coherence tomography (OCT) images, the histology associated with PLIA is undocumented. METHODS AND RESULTS The 36 porcine coronary lesions treated with bare-metal (BMS: n=16) or drug-eluting (DES: n=20) stents were assessed by OCT and histology at 28(More)
BACKGROUND The use of stents improves the result after balloon coronary angioplasty. Thrombogenicity of stents is, however, a concern. In the present study, we compared stents with an antithrombotic coating with regular stents. METHODS AND RESULTS Regular stents were placed in coronary arteries of pigs receiving no aspirin (group 1; n = 8) or aspirin over(More)