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Cd(II) complexes with glycine (gly) and sarcosine (sar) were studied by glass electrode potentiometry, direct current polarography, virtual potentiometry, and molecular modelling. The electrochemically reversible Cd(II)-glycine-OH labile system was best described by a model consisting of M(HL), ML, ML2, ML3, ML(OH) and ML2(OH) (M = Cd(II), L = gly) with the(More)
Chemical analysis has shown that Plasmodium falciparum trophozoites contain 61+/-2% of the iron within parasitized erythrocytes, of which 92+/-6% is located within the food vacuole. Of this, 88+/-9% is in the form of haemozoin. (57)Fe-Mössbauer spectroscopy shows that haemozoin is the only detectable iron species in trophozoites. Electron spectroscopic(More)
Comparison of 19 aminoquinolines supports the hypothesis that chloroquine and related antimalarials act by complexing ferriprotoporphyrin IX (Fe(III)PPIX), inhibiting its conversion to beta-hematin (hemozoin) and hence its detoxification. The study suggests that a basic amino side chain is also essential for antiplasmodial activity. 2- And 4-aminoquinolines(More)
The interaction of a variety of quinoline antimalarial drugs as well as other quinoline derivatives with strictly monomeric ferriprotoporphyrin IX [Fe(III)PPIX] has been investigated in 40% aqueous DMSO solution. At an apparent pH of 7.5 and 25 degrees C, log K values for bonding are 5.52 +/- 0.03 (chloroquine), 5.39 +/- 0.04 (amodiaquine), 4.10 +/- 0.02(More)
The peroxidatic activity of the heme octapeptide from cytochrome c, microperoxidase-8 (MP-8), was assayed at 25 degrees C under conditions where formation of Compound I is rate limiting. In the pH range 6-9, the reaction rate increased linearly with a slope close to unity. The active form of the substrate is the hydroperoxide anion, HO2-, and an(More)
The heme-octapeptide from cytochrome c, Microperoxidase-8 (MP-8), was prepared by peptic and tryptic digestion of horse heart cytochrome c and purified by gel permeation chromatography in about 50% yield. Conditions for the identification of MP-8 by TLC and analysis by HPLC are described. Study of the concentration-dependence of the absorption spectrum(More)
Changes in epsilon (393) (the Soret band) of aqueous ferriprotoporphyrin IX [Fe(III)PPIX] with concentration indicate that it dimerizes, but does not form higher aggregates. Diffusion measurements support this observation. The diffusion coefficient of aqueous Fe(III)PPIX is half that of the hydrated monomeric dicyano complex. Much of the apparent(More)
The N-terminus acetylated ferric hemeoctapeptide from cytochrome c, N-acetylmicroperoxidase-8 (Fe(III)-NAcMP8) can be reduced by dithionite in aqueous solution to produce Fe(II)-NAcMP8. The UV-Vis spectrum has a broad Soret band and relatively poorly defined Q bands which is consistent with a mixture of a five-coordinate high spin species with His as the(More)
DFT calculations with the UX3LYP hybrid functional and a medium-sized 6-311++G(d,p) basis set were performed to examine the gas-phase structure of paramagnetic (S = 1) six-coordinate complexes [Ni(NH3)n(H2O)(6-n)](2+), 0 < or = n < or = 6. Significant interligand hydrogen bonding was found in [Ni(H2O)6](2+), but this becomes much less significant as NH3(More)
The possible contributions of the mechanochemical triggering effect to the enzymatic activation of the carbon-cobalt bond of coenzyme B12 (5'-deoxyadenosylcobalamin, AdoCbl) for homolytic cleavage have been studied by molecular modeling and semiempirical molecular orbital calculations. Classically, this effect has envisioned enzymatic compression of the(More)