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OBJECTIVES We have previously shown that peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ), a transcription factor, is essential for the normal growth and development of cartilage. In the present study, we created inducible cartilage-specific PPARγ knockout (KO) mice and subjected these mice to the destabilisation of medial meniscus (DMM) model of(More)
Osteoarthritis (OA) of spine (facet joints [FJs]) is one of the major causes of severe low back pain and disability worldwide. The degeneration of facet cartilage is a hallmark of FJ OA. However, endogenous mechanisms that initiate degeneration of facet cartilage are unknown, and there are no disease-modifying therapies to stop FJ OA. In this study, we have(More)
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic degenerative joint disease characterized by the progressive loss of articular cartilage, remodeling of the subchondral bone, and synovial inflammation. Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a serine/threonine protein kinase that controls critical cellular processes such as growth, proliferation, and protein synthesis.(More)
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