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A new lipoprotein lipase-like gene has been cloned from endothelial cells through a subtraction methodology aimed at characterizing genes that are expressed with in vitro differentiation of this cell type. The conceptual endothelial cell-derived lipase protein contains 500 amino acids, including an 18-amino acid hydrophobic signal sequence, and is 44%(More)
High density lipoprotein (HDL) particles and HDL cholesteryl esters are taken up by both receptor-mediated and non-receptor-mediated pathways. Here we show that cell surface heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPG) participate in hepatic lipase (HL)- and apolipoprotein (apo) E-mediated binding and uptake of mouse and human HDL by cultured hepatocytes. The HL(More)
To determine the mechanisms by which human hepatic lipase (HL) contributes to the metabolism of apolipoprotein (apo) B-containing lipoproteins and high density lipoproteins (HDL) in vivo, we developed and characterized HL transgenic mice. HL was localized by immunohistochemistry to the liver and to the adrenal cortex. In hemizygous (hHLTg+/0) and homozygous(More)
Hepatic lipase (HL) and lipoprotein lipase (LPL) are key enzymes that mediate the hydrolysis of triglycerides (TG) and phospholipids (PL) present in circulating plasma lipoproteins. Relative to triacylglycerol hydrolysis, HL displays higher phospholipase activity than LPL. The structural basis for this difference in substrate specificity has not been(More)
OBJECTIVE Impairment of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 signaling accelerates atherosclerosis in experimental mice. However, it is uncertain whether increased TGF-beta1 expression would retard atherosclerosis. The role of TGF-beta1 in aneurysm formation is also controversial. We tested whether overexpression of active TGF-beta1 in hyperlipidemic mice(More)
Protein secretion by the human endometrium was studied in vitro in medium after incubation of tissue minces (n = 10) or glands isolated by collagenase digestion (n = 4) from tissues obtained at the time of curettage from normal women. Samples were incubated in a serum-free medium for 24 h at 38 degrees C in the presence of radiolabeled methionine. Dialyzed(More)
BACKGROUND Human atherosclerotic lesions contain elevated levels of urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA), expressed predominantly by macrophages. METHODS AND RESULTS To test the hypothesis that macrophage-expressed uPA contributes to the progression and complications of atherosclerosis, we generated transgenic mice with macrophage-targeted overexpression(More)
To improve the overnight 8-mg dexamethasone (DEX) suppression test (DST) for differential diagnosis of Cushing's syndrome and to develop optimal criteria for its interpretation, we increased the number of blood samples and measured the suppression of both plasma ACTH and cortisol. Forty-one patients who were subsequently proven at surgery to have Cushing's(More)
Lipoprotein lipase, a lipolytic enzyme essential for normal hydrolysis of triglycerides in very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) and chylomicrons, is found in several cell types, including macrophages. The role of lipoprotein lipase in mediating the uptake of normal VLDL triglycerides into human cultured monocyte-derived macrophages was studied using(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine thyroid hormone concentrations and the influence of these hormones on mood and problem behaviors in adolescents with depression. METHOD The sample included 21 depressed adolescents and 20 matched control adolescents. Blood was drawn to measure thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), free thyroxine (FT4), thyroxine (T4), and(More)