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This study examines the dose dependent analgesic effects of two doses of morphine and a single dose of alfentanil on experimentally induced cutaneous pain. In 16 healthy volunteers pain was induced by a skin burn injury and by continuous electrical skin stimulation. Mechanical pain thresholds (PT, von Frey filament), area of secondary hyperalgesia (SH) and(More)
Musculoskeletal pain is a major clinical problem. By using various experimental models in humans, the understanding of the basic mechanisms behind muscle pain can increase, thereby giving hope for new and optimized treatment. Opioids are increasingly often used to treat muscle pain. There are, however, a limited number of previous studies on opioids and(More)
Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) is a newly sequenced neuropeptide thought to be a principal stimulus to pituitary corticotropin (ACTH) secretion. Evidence obtained from laboratory animals and primates is reviewed which indicates that CRF not only stimulates the pituitary-adrenal axis but also influences several aspects of CNS function which may be of(More)
The selective 5-HT1A receptor ligand ipsapirone (IPS) induces corticotropin (ACTH) and cortisol secretion in humans. To explore 5-HT1A receptor-mediated hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) system activation in depression, 24 subjects (12 patients with unipolar depression and 12 individually matched controls) were given 0.3 mg/kg IPS or placebo in random(More)
To explore 5-HT1A receptor responsivity in panic disorder (PD), hypothermic, neuroendocrine and behavioral responses to the selective partial 5-HT1A receptor agonist ipsapirone (IPS) were investigated in patients with primary PD and healthy controls. Fourteen patients and matched controls received a single oral dose of 0.3 mg/kg IPS or placebo under(More)
The selective 5-HT1A receptor ligand ipsapirone (IPS) induces hypothermia in humans. To explore 5-HT1A receptor-mediated thermoregulation in depression, 24 subjects (12 patients with unipolar depression and 12 individually matched controls) received 0.3 mg/kg IPS or placebo in random order. Compared with controls, the depressed patients exhibited(More)
Acute zoster infection may be followed by a chronic pain syndrome, i.e., postherpetic neuralgia (PHN). Besides older age, the intensity of pain and neuronal damage within the acutely affected body region are regarded as predictors or risk factors for PHN. As an alternative approach an underlying peripheral polyneuropathy may be considered as potential(More)
BACKGROUND Painful nerve and tissue injuries can be exacerbated by activity in sympathetic neurons. The mechanisms of sympathetically maintained pain (SMP) are unclear. OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of cutaneous sympathetic activity on pain induced by primary afferent C-nociceptor sensitization with capsaicin in humans. METHODS In healthy volunteers(More)
Intracerebroventricular injection of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) in animals activates behavioral, motor, metabolic and sympathetic responses similar to those seen with stress. To explore the pharmacokinetics of this peptide in the primate ventricular CSF, we determined the clearance of ovine 125I-CRF from the CSF and compared it to that of(More)