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In this paper, we focus on the need for secure and efficient localization for wireless sensor networks in adversarial settings. An attack-resistant and efficient localization scheme is developed, which extends the scheme proposed in [1]. The method offers strong defense against not only distance reduction attacks but also distance enlargement attacks.(More)
An important goal of the design of wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) networks is to use less wavelengths to serve more communication needs. According to the wavelength conflict rule, we know that the number of wavelengths required in a WDM network is at least equal to the maximal number of channels over a fiber (called maximal link load) in the(More)
In wireless sensor networks, Virtual Backbone (VB) construction based on connected dominating set is a competitive issue for routing efficiency and topology control. Transmission ranges of sensors are not always equivalent. A sensor networks is modeled as a directed graph while sensors have different transmission ranges. In this paper, we will try to find a(More)
—An important goal of the design of WDM (wavelength division multiplexing) networks is to use less wavelengths to serve more communication needs. According to the wavelength conflict rule, we know that the number of wavelengths required in a WDM network is at least equal to the maximal number of channels over a fiber (called maximal link load) in the(More)
This paper presents a feature extraction method for hand gesture based on multi-layer perceptron. The feature of hand skin color in the YCbCr color space is used to detect hand gesture. The hand silhouette and features can be accurately extracted in means of binarizing the hand image and enhancing the contrast. Median and smoothing filters are integrated to(More)