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We present the results of searches for nucleon decay via n → ¯ νπ 0 and p → ¯ νπ þ using data from a combined 172.8 kt · yr exposure of Super-Kamiokande-I,-II, and-III. We set lower limits on the partial lifetime for each of these modes: τ n→¯ νπ 0 > 1.1 × 10 33 years and τ p→¯ νπ þ > 3.9 × 10 32 years at a 90% confidence level.
A search for the relic neutrinos from all past core-collapse supernovae was conducted using 1496 days of data from the Super-Kamiokande detector. This analysis looked for electron-type anti-neutrinos that had produced a positron with an energy greater than 18 MeV. In the absence of a signal, 90% C.L. upper limits on the total flux were set for several(More)
We present an analysis of atmospheric neutrino data from a 33.0 kiloton-year (535-day) exposure of the Super{Kamiokande detector. The data exhibit a zenith angle dependent decit of muon neutrinos which is inconsistent with expectations based on calculations of the atmospheric neutrino ux. Experimental biases and uncertainties in the prediction of neutrino(More)
The projections from the subiculum to the hypothalamus were comprehensively examined in the rat by using the anterograde Phaseolus vulgaris leucoagglutinin (PHA-L) and retrograde cholera toxin B subunit (CTb) methods. Tracing of efferents with PHA-L indicated that the medial preoptic region received projection fibers from the temporal two-thirds of the(More)
We report a Japanese family with early onset hereditary frontotemporal dementia and a novel missense mutation (Ser305Asn) in the tau gene. The patients presented with personality changes followed by impaired cognition and memory as well as disorientation, but minimal Parkinsonism. Imaging studies showed fronto-temporal atrophy with ventricular dilatation(More)
The results of the second phase of the Super-Kamiokande solar neutrino measurement are presented and compared to the first phase. The solar neutrino flux spectrum and time-variation as 2 well as oscillation results are statistically consistent with the first phase and do not show spectral distortion. The time-dependent flux measurement of the combined first(More)
Super-Kamiokande is the world's largest water Cherenkov detector, with net mass 50,000 tons. Earth's atmosphere, and the K2K long-baseline neutrino beam with high efficiency. These data provided crucial information for our current understanding of neutrino oscillations, as well as setting stringent limits on nucleon decay. In this paper, we describe the(More)
The regulated expression of Wnt-1, one member of the wingless/Wnt pathway, in the brain is critical for many neurodevelopmental processes. Recently, it has been reported that the wingless/Wnt pathway participates in a complex behavioral phenomenon and suggested that this pathway's molecules are candidate genes for neuropsychiatric disorders. Thus, we(More)
1. Changes in the content of striatal interleukins (IL-1 beta and IL-6) and serum corticosterone in relation to deterioration of the dopaminergic system induced by 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP; a dopaminergic neurotoxin; 20 mg/kg i.p., four administrations/12 h) in C57BL/6J mice were investigated. 2. Striatal dopamine, IL-1 beta, IL-6(More)