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We studied the extent of functional linkage between CD3 sigma and p56lck in pre-TCR-dependent thymocyte development. Differentiation of DN to DP cells was examined by treatment of RAG2/CD3 sigma and RAG1/p56lck double-deficient mice with anti-CD3 epsilon antibodies. The results suggest that CD3 sigma has no specific role in this maturation step, but may be(More)
During differentiation in vitro, embryonic stem (ES) cells generate progenitors for most hemato-lymphoid lineages. We studied the developmental potential of two ES cell subpopulations that share the fetal stem cell antigen AA4.1 but differ in expression of the lymphoid marker B220 (CD45R). Upon transfer into lymphoid deficient mice, the B220+ population(More)
The self-binding properties of a dominant idiotypic antibody (T15) and a minor idiotypic antibody (M603), both specific for phosphorylcholine, were examined as models of self-binding antibodies (autobodies). Observed differences in the self-binding affinity of T15 and M603 relate to variable sequence differences in their respective heavy and light chains. A(More)
Natural autoantibodies (NAbs), produced by B-1 B-cells, are directed against autoantigens and pathogens. NAbs can capture and present antigen to T helper cells thereby initiating adaptive immunities. It is proposed that screening for NAbs against pathogens will predict the strength of an antigen-induced immune response and could be used as a tool for(More)
A hybridoma antibody (11E7-1) was isolated from a myeloma fusion with nu/nu BALB/c immunized against the T15 idiotype. This IgM antibody exhibited a dual specificity, binding both to PC and to anti-PC antibodies from two idiotype families. Binding to PC and anti-PC antibodies are completely inhibited by PC analogs. Furthermore, the hybridoma antibody binds(More)
OBJECTIVES The present study evaluated the effect of phosphorylcholine (PC) immunization on the extent of experimental atherosclerosis. BACKGROUND Immunization against oxidized lipoprotein (oxLDL) or Streptococcus pneumoconiae reduces atherosclerosis. Phosphorylcholine is the main epitope recognized by both antipneumococcus and anti-oxLDL antibodies.(More)
Herein we report a new method to rapidly photoinsert biotin into a specific and highly conserved site on the Ig structure using a mild photochemical activation step. This site resides in the Fv fragment and involves invariant residues which provide base stacking interactions to the purine ring of ATP (Rajagopalan et al. (1996) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93,(More)