Heinz Schleusener

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The present prospective, randomized, multicentre study was performed to directly compare for the first time the effectiveness of a standard activity of 555 MBq 131iodine vs. an activity calculated to deliver 100 Gy for treatment of Graves' thyrotoxicosis. Therapeutic success was defined as the elimination of hyperthyroidism 6 months after radioiodine(More)
Because particular human leukocyte antigen (HLA) DQ alleles are the major predisposing factors for type 1 diabetes mellitus (IDDM), we investigated whether they are shared by other endocrine autoimmune diseases. We, therefore, analyzed the HLA DQ genotypes of 171 patients with IDDM, 271 with Graves' disease (GD), 65 with Hashimoto's thyroiditis, 51 with(More)
Using a radioligand receptor assay the sera of 46 patients with myasthenia gravis (MG) were tested for the presence of circulating TSH-binding inhibiting immunoglobulins (TBII). In addition thyroid function was evaluated on the basis of T3, T4, TBG and TSH radioimmunoassays including the TRH stimulation test. Circulating antimicrosomal and antithyroglobulin(More)
One hundred and seventeen patients with various thyroid diseases were examined with colour-coded duplex ultrasonography permitting simultaneous real-time display of soft tissue and blood flow. Twenty-four out of 25 patients with an autonomous adenoma, all six patients with thyroid carcinoma and five out of 61 patients with simple nodular goitre showed(More)
Natural killer (NK) cell activity of peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) against k562 human tumor cell targets was studied in patients with Graves' disease and Hashimoto's thyroiditis. NK activity was measured in a standard 4-hour 51chromium (Cr) release assay. Cytotoxicity was expressed as lytic units (LU)/10(6) PBL. Significantly decreased NK cell activity(More)
It is still under discussion whether subclinical hypothyroidism is a biochemical syndrome or a disease associated with an increased risk for development of vascular diseases due to lipid elevation. Therefore, we investigated lipid values in 40 patients with subclinical hypothyroidism, which is defined in terms of normal (N = 26) or slightly increased (N =(More)
Graves' disease is an autoimmune disease characterized by a course of remission and relapse. Since the introduction of antithyroid drug treatment, various parameters have been tested for their ability to predict the clinical course of a patient with Graves' disease after drug withdrawal. Nearly all these studies were retrospective [corrected] and often(More)
Antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) against human thyroid cell targets was measured in a chromium release assay, using serum from patients with autoimmune thyroid diseases. The source of effector cells was peripheral blood mononuclear cells from normal subjects. Mean (+/- SD) specific lysis produced by serum from patients with Hashimoto's(More)
The etiology of autoimmune diseases is multifactorial with genetic factors being an important prerequisite. There are two clinical manifestations of autoimmune thyroiditis: the goitrous form (Hashimoto's thyroiditis) and the atrophic variant, which is characterized by hypothyroidism (primary myxoedema). Different genetic markers were assumed to be(More)