Learn More
Twenty-eight of 370 patients (14 families) treated for Hirschsprung's disease (HD) over a 34 year period had a family member with histologically proven HD. These 14 represented 4% of the 351 families: more than one affected child per family in 10 (2.8%) and both parent and child in 2 families. Neuronal intestinal dysplasia (NID) in a parent was associated(More)
Controversy persists with regard to the diagnosis and treatment of the acute scrotum in children. The differential diagnosis includes torsion of the testis, torsion of one of the appendices testis and epididymo-orchitis. Clinical differentiation is notoriously difficult and our policy has been to explore the scrotum of all who present with signs of an acute(More)
The subject of malrotation and midgut volvulus in infancy and childhood is reviewed from the perspective of experience with 138 patients evaluated in a published series and a further 82 cases seen since. Embryology, historical aspects, clinical presentation, investigation, surgery, and outcome are discussed. The diagnosis of malrotation and volvulus should(More)
Paediatric burn injuries in Sub Saharan Africa are common and often lead to devastating consequences. Unfortunately relevant and accurate data regarding these injuries is sketchy and incomplete. This paper reviews the available information on the epidemiology of paediatric burns in Africa, associated health problems and contributing environmental factors(More)
There is growing evidence that childhood surgical conditions, especially injuries, are common in developing countries and that poor care results in significant numbers of deaths and cases of disability. Unfortunately, however, surgical care is not considered an essential component of most child health programmes. Strategies for improving paediatric surgical(More)
137 cases of malrotation and midgut volvulus seen over a 28-year period are reviewed to emphasize the patterns of clinical presentation. Although 62% presented as neonates, 20% were over 1 year of age. Vomiting was the sympton of paramount importance in 97% but was not initially bile-stained in 20%. Sixteen percent had diarrhea as a major symptom. Abdominal(More)
INTRODUCTION This review article on the management of blunt liver injury in children is based on the authors' experience of 311 patients over a 22-year period. MATERIAL AND METHODS All children presenting to our institution with confirmed blunt liver trauma were studied retrospectively. Hospital folders of 311 patients were analysed. Information was(More)
Iatrogenic esophageal perforations in children are rare. To evaluate patterns of injury, clinical presentation, and treatment options for such patients, the authors reviewed the case records of 11 children who had sustained transmural injury to the esophagus during a dilatation procedure at their institution between 1967 and 1994. Strictures requiring(More)
The current study describes the epidemiology and patterns of moderate to severe childhood burn injuries in the Western Cape province in South Africa. Burn injuries sustained by children aged 12 years and younger and registered over January 1999 to December 2000 at the Red Cross Children's Hospital in the Western Cape are analysed (n=1201). Differences in(More)
A 5-year audit of the formation, management and closure of small-bowel stomas and colostomies at Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, Cape Town, is described. Of the 203 patients, 128 (63%) required the stroma in the neonatal period. Anorectal malformations (80), Hirschsprung's disease (65), necrotising enterocolitis (33), trauma (11) and neoplasm(More)