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The subject of malrotation and midgut volvulus in infancy and childhood is reviewed from the perspective of experience with 138 patients evaluated in a published series and a further 82 cases seen since. Embryology, historical aspects, clinical presentation, investigation, surgery, and outcome are discussed. The diagnosis of malrotation and volvulus should(More)
Twenty-eight of 370 patients (14 families) treated for Hirschsprung's disease (HD) over a 34 year period had a family member with histologically proven HD. These 14 represented 4% of the 351 families: more than one affected child per family in 10 (2.8%) and both parent and child in 2 families. Neuronal intestinal dysplasia (NID) in a parent was associated(More)
BACKGROUND Paraesophageal hernias are uncommon in children and are distinctively different from the more common sliding hiatus hernias and those occurring after antireflux surgery in anatomy, pathology, symptoms, complications, and management. We reviewed a single institution's experience with the pathology of paraesophageal hernias. METHODS We conducted(More)
INTRODUCTION This review article on the management of blunt liver injury in children is based on the authors' experience of 311 patients over a 22-year period. MATERIAL AND METHODS All children presenting to our institution with confirmed blunt liver trauma were studied retrospectively. Hospital folders of 311 patients were analysed. Information was(More)
INTRODUCTION The challenge of management with bilateral Wilms' tumours is the eradication of the neoplasm, while at the same time preserving renal function. Surgical management with a variety of nephron-sparing techniques, combined with chemotherapy and occasionally supplemented by transplantation has evolved over the last 30 years to achieve remarkable(More)
From 1978 to 1988 228 children under 13 years of age with liver injury following blunt abdominal trauma were studied prospectively. Motor vehicle related accidents were responsible for 85 per cent of the injuries. Isotope liver scan established the diagnosis and identified the pattern of injury. Multiple injuries were seen in 157 patients--predominantly(More)
The practice of surgery in South Africa ranges from full-time service in state-funded and academic hospitals serving a largely indigent population to a private sector for medically insured patients. Surgical training occurs at eight medical schools, and specialist registration is obtained after 4 to 5 years with either a university-conferred degree or a(More)
This paper records our experience in the management of 25 sets of conjoined twins seen over a 32 year period (1964 - 1996). The twins were classified into 14 complete and symmetrical sets and 11 incomplete or heteropagus. The 14 symmetrical sets included 9 thoracopagus, 2 ischiopagus, 1 craniopagus and 1 omphalopagus twins. In the incomplete heteropagus(More)
Controversy persists with regard to the diagnosis and treatment of the acute scrotum in children. The differential diagnosis includes torsion of the testis, torsion of one of the appendices testis and epididymo-orchitis. Clinical differentiation is notoriously difficult and our policy has been to explore the scrotum of all who present with signs of an acute(More)