Heinz Peter Schultheiss

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The renin-angiotensin system plays a critical role in blood pressure control and body fluid and electrolyte homeostasis. Besides angiotensin (Ang) II, other Ang peptides, such as Ang III [Ang-(2-8)], Ang IV [Ang-(3-8)], and Ang-(1-7) may also have important biological activities. Ang-(1-7) has become an angiotensin of interest in the past few years, because(More)
Muscle cells respond to mechanical stretch stimuli by triggering downstream signals for myocyte growth and survival. The molecular components of the muscle stretch sensor are unknown, and their role in muscle disease is unclear. Here, we present biophysical/biochemical studies in muscle LIM protein (MLP) deficient cardiac muscle that support a selective(More)
In this position statement of the ESC Working Group on Myocardial and Pericardial Diseases an expert consensus group reviews the current knowledge on clinical presentation, diagnosis and treatment of myocarditis, and proposes new diagnostic criteria for clinically suspected myocarditis and its distinct biopsy-proven pathogenetic forms. The aims are to(More)
BACKGROUND The natural history, management, and outcome of takotsubo (stress) cardiomyopathy are incompletely understood. METHODS The International Takotsubo Registry, a consortium of 26 centers in Europe and the United States, was established to investigate clinical features, prognostic predictors, and outcome of takotsubo cardiomyopathy. Patients were(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiotropic viral infections have been suspected as one possible cause of myocarditis and dilated cardiomyopathy. Although adverse outcomes in dilated cardiomyopathy patients have been documented, the natural course of heart diseases caused by cardiotropic viruses is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS Consecutive patients (n=172) with biopsy-proven(More)
PURPOSE To retrospectively compare the diagnostic accuracy of three cardiac magnetic resonance (MR) imaging approaches for the detection of histologic and immunohistologic criteria (reference standard) proved myocardial inflammation in patients clinically suspected of having chronic myocarditis (CMC). MATERIALS AND METHODS Cardiac MR imaging was performed(More)
BACKGROUND Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is pathogenically linked to inflammatory cardiomyopathy (InfCM), which is characterized by intramyocardial infiltration. The transendothelial migration of immunocompetent cells is mediated by cell adhesion molecules (CAMs). METHODS AND RESULTS We investigated the expression pattern of CAMs (immunoglobulin(More)
BACKGROUND Enteroviruses (EVs) and adenoviruses (ADVs) have been considered common causes of myocarditis and dilated cardiomyopathy. In the present study, we report on the association of parvovirus B19 (PVB19) genomes in the clinical setting of acute myocarditis. METHODS AND RESULTS This study included 24 consecutive patients admitted to our hospital(More)
BACKGROUND The pathophysiology of heart failure with normal ejection fraction (HFNEF) is still under discussion. Here we report the influence of cardiac inflammation on extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling in patients with HFNEF. METHODS AND RESULTS We investigated left ventricular systolic and diastolic function in 20 patients with HFNEF and 8 control(More)
BACKGROUND The use of molecular biological techniques has demonstrated the importance of enteroviral infection of the myocardium in the pathogenesis of myocarditis and dilated cardiomyopathy in adults and adenovirus and enterovirus infection in children. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of adenoviral infection of the myocardium of adults(More)