Heinz-Peter Nasheuer

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Based on large-scale data for the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae (protein and mRNA abundance, translational status, transcript length), we investigate the relation of transcription, translation, and protein turnover on a genome-wide scale. We elucidate variations between different spatial cell compartments and functional modules by comparing protein-to-mRNA(More)
DNA damage induced by the carcinogen benzo[a]pyrene dihydrodiol epoxide (BPDE) induces a Chk1-dependent S-phase checkpoint. Here, we have investigated the molecular basis of BPDE-induced S-phase arrest. Chk1-dependent inhibition of DNA synthesis in BPDE-treated cells occurred without detectable changes in Cdc25A levels, Cdk2 activity, or Cdc7/Dbf4(More)
The monosaccharide, β-N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc), can be added to the hydroxyl group of either serines or threonines to generate an O-linked β-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) residue (Love, D. C., and Hanover, J. A. (2005) Sci. STKE 2005 312, 1-14; Hart, G. W., Housley, M. P., and Slawson, C. (2007) Nature 446, 1017-1022). This post-translational protein(More)
While protein-protein interactions have been studied largely as a network graph without physicality, here we analyze two protein complex data sets of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to relate physical and functional modularity to the network topology. We study for the first time the number of different protein complexes as a function of the protein complex size(More)
Although the mechanical aspects of the single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) binding activity of human replication protein A (RPA) have been extensively studied, only limited information is available about its interaction with other physiologically relevant DNA structures. RPA interacts with partial DNA duplexes that resemble DNA intermediates found in the processes(More)
The heterotrimeric replication protein A (RPA) has multiple essential activities in eukaryotic DNA metabolism and in signaling pathways. Despite extensive analyses, the functions of the smallest RPA subunit p14 are still unknown. To solve this issue we produced and characterized a dimeric RPA complex lacking p14, RPADeltap14, consisting of p70 and p32.(More)
Cdc45 is an essential cellular protein that functions in both the initiation and elongation of DNA replication. Here, we analyzed the localization of human Cdc45 and its interactions with other proteins during the cell cycle. Human Cdc45 showed a diffuse distribution in G1 phase, a spot-like pattern in S and G2, and again a diffuse distribution in M phase(More)
The single-stranded DNA binding proteins (SSBs) are required to maintain the integrity of the genome in all organisms. Replication protein A (RPA) is a nuclear SSB protein found in all eukaryotes and is required for multiple processes in DNA metabolism such as DNA replication, DNA repair, DNA recombination, telomere maintenance and DNA damage signalling.(More)
The accurate and timely duplication of the genome is a major task for eukaryotic cells. This process requires the cooperation of multiple factors to ensure the stability of the genetic information of each cell. Mutations, rearrangements, or loss of chromosomes can be detrimental to a single cell as well as to the whole organism, causing failures, disease,(More)
Replication protein A (RPA) is the main human single-stranded DNA (ssDNA)-binding protein. It is essential for cellular DNA metabolism and has important functions in human cell cycle and DNA damage signaling. RPA is indispensable for accurate homologous recombination (HR)-based DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair and its activity is regulated by(More)