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OBJECTIVE Food cues yield different patterns of brain activation in obese compared with normal-weight adults in prefrontal and limbic/paralimbic areas. For children, no mapping studies comparing representation sites for food and other stimuli between obese and normal-weight subjects are available. DESIGN We used a cross-sectional design of two age-matched(More)
Benign epilepsy of childhood with rolandic spikes (BECRS) is an electroclinical syndrome characterized by partial sensorimotor seizures with centrotemporal spikes. We report a detailed localization analysis of spontaneous magnetic brain activities in seven BECRS patients using magnetoencephalography (MEG). All patients had BECRS diagnosis with typical(More)
OBJECTIVE Classic infantile spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is believed to be a purely motor disorder, affecting neurons of the spinal anterior horn and nuclei of the lower cranial nerves. Other organ malformations or peripheral nerve involvement have been regarded as exclusion criteria for infantile SMA. Whether SMN protein deficiency can also lead to loss(More)
In order to extract and to visualize qualitative information from a high-dimensional time series, we apply ideas from symbolic dynamics. Counting certain ordinal patterns in the given series, we obtain a series of matrices whose entries are symbol frequencies. This matrix series is explored by simple methods from nominal statistics and information theory.(More)
Hereditary orotic aciduria is a rare metabolic disease that results from a defect of uridine-5-monophosphate synthase (UMPS). In affected patients, main clinical symptoms are a markedly increased urinary excretion of orotic acid combined with megaloblastic anemia. This report describes a new case of UMPS deficiency without megaloblastic anemia but with(More)
BAEPs were recorded from 92 healthy children with a gestational age of 35 weeks up to 16 years. The maturation kinetic of I-III and I-V interpeak latency can well be approximated by the exponential regressions I-V : y = 0.9588 x e -0.9215 x x + 3.9728; r = 0.87; I-III : y = 0.6182 x e -1.1737 x x + 2.1759; r = 0.81; Adult values are reached by about two(More)
To investigate the age-dependency of central conduction time somatosensible evoked potentials to median nerve stimulation were recorded in 80 infants and children from the age of one week to 20 years. It is shown that the central conduction time starts at about 14 ms in the neonatal period and then gradually declines until the 7th or 8th year of life to the(More)
The prevalence of obesity in children and young adults in Germany has dramatically increased during the last decades. We investigated the impact of an one year outpatient intervention including physical training, psychotherapy and nutrition counselling on psychological status and course of weight of 19 adolescents who were diagnosed with obesity(More)
An 11-year-old girl presented with recurrent vomiting, reduced food and fluid intake, weight loss and dizziness. In an external hospital she was diagnosed as having habitual vomiting and a beginning eating disorder. The physical examination revealed a very thin, malnourished child with abdominal pain on palpation but without neurologic deficits. Laboratory(More)