This article discusses the conduct and evaluation of interpretive research in information systems. While the conventions for evaluating information systems case studies conducted according to the natural science model of social science are now widely accepted, this is not the case for interpre-tive field studies. A set of principles for the conduct and… (More)
When we refer to organizations as emergent we are saying that every feature of social organiza-tions—culture, meaning, social relationships, decision processes and so on—are continually emergent, following no predefined pattern. These organizational features are products of constant social negotiation and consensus building. The organization itself or any… (More)
Developing computer-based information systems necessarily involves making a number of implicit and explicit assumptions. The authors examine four different approaches to information systems development.
Information systems development methodologies have been the subject of much attention over the .years.. A substantial body of research has focused on the need to develop methodologies that support viewing information systems as social constructs , and information systems development (ISD) as a social process. But if development a social process, what… (More)
This paper explores the issue of whether the field of IS is in crisis. To do so, the paper first starts by looking back on where the field has come from. Next, it assesses the status of the IS field by exploring where the field is now. That our current status remains a 'fragmented adhocracy' suggests the field may indeed be in crisis or headed for a crisis.… (More)
Original Article Towards a distinctive body of knowledge for Information Systems expertsJ Iivari et al. Abstract. This paper introduces the idea of coding a practically relevant body of knowledge (BoK) in Information Systems (IS) that could have major benefits for the field. In its main part, the paper focuses on the question if and how an underlying body… (More)
While criteria or principles for conducting positivist and interpretive research have been widely discussed in the IS research literature, criteria or principles for critical research are lacking. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to propose a set of principles for the conduct of critical research in information systems. We examine the nature of the… (More)
T his paper analyses the fundamental philosophical assumptions of five " contrasting " information systems development (ISD) approaches: the interactionist approach, the speech act-based approach, the soft systems methodology approach, the trade unionist approach, and the professional work practice approach. These five approaches are selected for analysis… (More)