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OBJECTIVES Controlled hypotension is used to improve surgical conditions during microscopic and endoscopic sinus surgery. Several drug combinations are suitable to provide deep and predictable level of anaesthesia combined with an exact control of intraoperative blood pressure. However, only little is known about the relative importance of the level of(More)
A modified monoethylglycinexylidide (MEGX) test was performed in 14 patients undergoing myocardial revascularization to evaluate liver function during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). MEGX is the principal metabolite of lidocaine. Different studies have shown a decrease in MEGX formation in patients with impaired liver function. Following a low-dose bolus(More)
Quantitative bone histology (micromorphometry of undecalcified sections, analysis under polarized light; fluorescence microscopy with tetracycline double labelling) as well as serum and urinary chemistry (creatinine clearance, parathyroid hormone, ionized Ca, bone phosphatase, pH), were studied in 50 patients with incipient to advanced (glomerular(More)
The steady-state pharmacokinetics and tolerability of a microemulsion formulation of cyclosporine (Sandimmune Neoral) were compared with the commercial formulation (Sandimmune) in 55 clinically stable renal allograft recipients. In study period I (2 weeks' duration), patients entered the study on a stable, individualized twice-daily dosage regimen of the(More)
BACKGROUND A beneficial effect of pretransplant transfusions on graft survival was demonstrated in the early 1970s. In the mid-1980s, however, retrospective studies showed that transfusions had lost their graft-protective effect in the cyclosporine era. During the last 10 years, deliberate transfusion pretreatment of transplant patients has been(More)
We have studied the systemic availability of oral albendazole in 6 patients with echinococcosis either fasting or with breakfast. Albendazole sulphoxide, the pharmacologically active principle, was assayed by HPLC. Mean plasma concentrations and AUCs were 4.5 times higher when albendazole was given with breakfast than when administered in the fasting state.(More)
The effects of a moderate dose of sufentanil (1 microgram.kg-1 + 0.015 micrograms.kg-1.min-1) plus nitrous oxide (30% O2/70% N2O) anesthesia (group I; n = 8) and of high-dose sufentanil/O2 anesthesia (10 micrograms.kg-1 + 0.15 micrograms.kg-1.min-1) without N2O (group II; n = 8) on cardiovascular dynamics, myocardial blood flow, myocardial oxygen(More)
In the underlying study the diagnostic value of the anaphylatoxin C5a was evaluated in kidney transplantation. In 49 transplant patients the following parameters were measured daily for a mean period of 25.1 days: plasma C5a [P-C5a], urine C5a [U-C5a], serum amyloid A [SAA], serum neopterin [S-NEOP] and urine neopterin [U-NEOP]. Sensitivity, specificity and(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical use of fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) in medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) on the basis of comparison with findings obtained using indium-111 pentetreotide (SMS), pentavalent technetium-99m dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA), technetium-99m sestamibi (MIBI), computed(More)