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OBJECTIVES The investigation centers on whether there is a reperfusion-induced specific cardiac inflammatory reaction after bypass surgery. BACKGROUND Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) leads to systemic inflammation. Additionally, cardiac inflammation due to reperfusion could occur. Knowledge about nature and time course of this reaction might help to develop(More)
Although many studies of the impact of haemophilia on the quality of life were conducted, there is hardly any data on the social status of haemophiliacs. It was the aim of our study to obtain data on the social status of Austrian haemophiliacs and to compare these with an age- and sex-matched reference population. Furthermore, we collected data on the(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple brain abscesses are serious neurological problems with high mortality and disabling morbidity. The frequency is rising as a result of AIDS and the increasing number of immunocompromised patients. CASE STUDY A 59-year-old woman developed signs and symptoms of diffuse brain dysfunction including fever and neck stiffness. A brain CT scan(More)
A group of 90 hemophiliacs who had been regularly treated with non virus-inactivated factor VIII or IX concentrates were studied in 1983. At that time 50 patients were HIV-1-antibody positive, 6 additional seroconversions occurred until 1985. 26 of the 50 patients seropositive in 1983 are currently asymptomatic. 4 patients have developed the lymphadenopathy(More)
Levels of anticardiolipin antibodies (ACA) were measured in 55 patients with haemophilia A in serum samples obtained in 1983 and in 1987. Twenty-one patients were negative for anti HIV-1 antibodies in 1983 and remained negative in 1987; 34 patients had anti HIV-1 antibodies in 1983; 17 of these latter patients remained asymptomatic, whereas 17 patients(More)
OBJECTIVES It is still debated if pre-existing minority drug-resistant HIV-1 variants (MVs) affect the virological outcomes of first-line NNRTI-containing ART. METHODS This Europe-wide case-control study included ART-naive subjects infected with drug-susceptible HIV-1 as revealed by population sequencing, who achieved virological suppression on first-line(More)
The authors describe a 47-year-old man who presented with proximal muscle weakness, myalgia, elevated creatine kinase, and features of a pure myopathic syndrome in whom they have identified a novel mutation in the mitochondrial tRNA(Ala) gene. This 5591G>A transition is heteroplasmic, segregates with cytochrome c oxidase deficiency in single muscle fibers,(More)