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V79 Chinese hamster cells were genetically engineered for stable expression of human P450IA2. Full length cDNA, encoding human P450IA2, was inserted into an SV40 early promoter containing eukaryotic expression vector and cointroduced with the selection marker neomycin phosphotransferase (conferring resistance to the neomycin derivative G418) into V79(More)
Dihydrodiol epoxides (DEs) are important carcinogenic metabolites of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The metabolic formation of four stereoisomeric DEs (a pair of optically active diastereomers termed as syn- and anti-form) is possible. Glutathione tranferases (GSTs) have been demonstrated to catalyze the detoxification of DEs. Purified GSTs(More)
1-Hydroxymethylpyrene (HMP), a primary benzylic alcohol, and 4H-cyclopenta[def]chrysen-4-ol (OH-CPC), a secondary benzylic alcohol, were investigated for mutagenicity in Salmonella typhimurium (reversion of the his- strain TA98) in the presence of various xenobiotic-metabolizing systems. In the direct test, HMP was inactive and OH-CPC was very weakly(More)
1-Methoxy-3-indolylmethyl (1-MIM) glucosinolate, contained in many Brassica vegetables, is strongly mutagenic in Salmonella typhimurium TA100 when activated by myrosinase. Here, we describe the synthesis and evaluation of two breakdown products, 1-MIM nitrile and 1-MIM alcohol. 1-MIM nitrile was not mutagenic and 1-MIM alcohol showed low direct mutagenicity(More)
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) are an important class of environmental contaminants many of which require metabolic activation to DNA-reactive bay or fjord region diolepoxides (DE) in order to exert their mutagenic and carcinogenic effects. In this study, the mutagenicity of the bay region diolepoxides(More)
Mammalian metabolism of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons results in the formation of vicinal diol epoxides (existing as enantiomeric pairs of two diastereomers) considered as important ultimate carcinogens if the oxirane ring is located in a bay or fjord region of the parent hydrocarbon. In the present study, individual stereoisomers of the bay region diol(More)
An in vitro study was performed to evaluate the effect of two different proximal restoration techniques with different matrix systems on the marginal seal and microhardness of Class II composite restorations. Results indicated that the lowest, however, not significantly different, microleakage was achieved in totally bonded deep Class II restorations(More)
3-nitrobenzanthrone (3-NBA) is a potent mutagen and suspected human carcinogen identified in diesel exhaust and ambient air pollution. 3-aminobenzanthrone (3-ABA), 3-acetylaminobenzanthrone (3-Ac-ABA) and N-acetyl-N-hydroxy-3-aminobenzanthrone (N-Ac-N-OH-ABA) have been identified as 3-NBA metabolites. Recently we found that 3-NBA and its metabolites (3-ABA,(More)
5-Hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) is formed when sugars are acidified or heated. It is present at high levels in numerous foods. HMF is inactive in standard genotoxicity tests, but can be metabolized to a chemically reactive intermediate, 5-sulfooxymethylfurfural (SMF), which is mutagenic and carcinogenic. We recently found that direct parental administration(More)