Heinz F. R. Prechtl

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BACKGROUND In normal awake infants, fidgety movements are seen from the age of 6 weeks to 20 weeks. The aim of the study was to test the predictive value of absent or abnormal spontaneous movements in young infants for the later development of neurological deficits. METHODS In a collaborative study involving five hospitals we collected data on the normal(More)
General movements (GMs) are part of the spontaneous movement repertoire and are present from early fetal life onwards until the end of the first half a year of life. GMs are complex, occur frequently, and last long enough to be observed properly. They involve the whole body in a variable sequence of arm, leg, neck, and trunk movements. They wax and wane in(More)
We describe the state of the art of Prechtl's method for the qualitative assessment of general movements as a diagnostic tool for early detection of brain dysfunction. After discussing the optimal technique for video recording general movements in preterm, term and young infants, attention is focused on the proper analysis of this spontaneous motor pattern.(More)
An apparently normal early development was one of the initial criteria for classical Rett syndrome. However, several investigators considered Rett syndrome to be a developmental disorder manifesting very soon after birth. Videos of 22 Rett cases were assessed carefully for movements, posture, and behavior during the first 6 mo of life. All signs that(More)
The development of the motor component of the embryonic and fetal central nervous system can be studied by observation of fetal movements, using real-time ultrasound. In this paper data on emergence and development of fetal movement patterns and behavioural states are reviewed in the light of the normal development of the nervous system, identification of(More)
By means of sequential videotape recordings, the relevance of the quality of general movements for neurological outcome was determined in a group of 21 appropriate-for-gestational-age preterm infants with transient periventricular echodensities of variable localization and duration and in 6 infants without echodensities. Echodensities, especially in the(More)
Qualitative abnormalities of spontaneous motor activity in newborns and young infants are early predictive markers for later spastic cerebral palsy. Aim of this research was to identify which motor patterns may be specific for later dyskinetic cerebral palsy. In a large, prospectively performed longitudinal study involving four European hospitals we(More)
OBJECTIVE The Prechtl method of qualitative assessment of general movements (GMs) has been shown to be a good predictor of neurologic outcome in fetuses, preterm infants, and term infants. The aim of this study was to compare the results of this new technique with those of traditional neurologic examination and of cranial ultrasonography in preterm infants.(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of tightly controlled maternal (type-1-)diabetes mellitus on the development of fetal behavioural states. Seventeen diabetic women, who required insulin (White's class C predominantly) and were treated with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) therapy, participated in the study. Adjustment to(More)