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We used electron cryotomography to study the molecular arrangement of large respiratory chain complexes in mitochondria from bovine heart, potato, and three types of fungi. Long rows of ATP synthase dimers were observed in intact mitochondria and cristae membrane fragments of all species that were examined. The dimer rows were found exclusively on tightly(More)
Homokaryons from the homothallic ascomycte Sordaria macrospora are able to enter the sexual pathway and to form fertile fruiting bodies. To analyze the molecular basis of homothallism and to elucidate the role of mating-products during fruiting body development, we cloned and sequenced the entire S. macrospora mating-type locus. Comparison of the Sordaria(More)
The 5' region and transcription initiation sites of the psbA-2 and psbA-3 genes of Synechocystis 6803 were determined. The otherwise highly homologous genes were shown to diverge significantly in the 5' noncoding regions. The transcription start site for the psbA-2 gene was mapped to position -49 upstream of the coding region and for the psbA-3 gene to(More)
UNLABELLED Many questions concerning the molecular processes during biological aging remain unanswered. Since mitochondria are central players in aging, we applied quantitative two-dimensional difference gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE) coupled to protein identification by mass spectrometry to study the age-dependent changes in the mitochondrial proteome of(More)
Degradation of damaged proteins by members of the protein quality control system is of fundamental importance in maintaining cellular homeostasis. In mitochondria, organelles which both generate and are targets of reactive oxygen species (ROS), a number of membrane bound and soluble proteases are essential components of this system. Here we describe the(More)
The fungal aging model Podospora anserina contains three superoxide dismutases (SODs) in different cellular compartments. While PaSOD1 represents the Cu/Zn isoform located in the cytoplasm and in the mitochondrial inter-membrane space, PaSOD2 localizes to the perinuclear ER. PaSOD3, a protein with a manganese binding domain and a mitochondrial targeting(More)
Aging of biological systems is influenced by various factors, conditions and processes. Among others, processes allowing organisms to deal with various types of stress are of key importance. In particular, oxidative stress as the result of the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) at the mitochondrial respiratory chain and the accumulation of(More)
A genomic DNA fragment, PaGT7-5, of Podospora anserina was cloned that contains three different repetitive sequence motifs including a minisatellite with an unusual structure. This element, PaMin1, consists of ten copies of a 16 bp repeat unit with five GT dinucleotide repeats. Adjacent to PaMin1, a short poly(GT) stretch and four repeats of a 12 bp(More)
In the fungal aging model Podospora anserina, lifespan is controlled by mitochondrial and nuclear genetic traits. Different nuclear genes are known to affect the integrity of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). One gene of this type is Grisea encoding a copper-modulated transcription factor involved in the control of cellular copper homeostasis. The(More)
Instabilities and point mutations of the high molecular weight mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) were shown to be correlated with various degenerative processes in both lower eukaryotes as well as in mammals. In filamentous fungi, circular and linear plasmids were demonstrated to be involved in mtDNA rearrangements and in the genetic control of senescence. In(More)