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According to the 'free radical theory of ageing', the generation and accumulation of reactive oxygen species are key events during ageing of biological systems. Mitochondria are a major source of ROS and prominent targets for ROS-induced damage. Whereas mitochondrial DNA and membranes were shown to be oxidatively modified with ageing, mitochondrial protein(More)
The fungal aging model Podospora anserina contains three superoxide dismutases (SODs) in different cellular compartments. While PaSOD1 represents the Cu/Zn isoform located in the cytoplasm and in the mitochondrial inter-membrane space, PaSOD2 localizes to the perinuclear ER. PaSOD3, a protein with a manganese binding domain and a mitochondrial targeting(More)
In the filamentous fungus Podospora anserina a central role of mitochondria in the control of aging has been repeatedly demonstrated. Interestingly, impairments in cytochrome c oxidase (COX) activity induce an enhancement in the expression of the quinol-oxygen alternative oxidoreductase (AOX) correlating with an extension of lifespan. This effect is thought(More)
Filamentous fungi are of great importance in ecology, agriculture, medicine, and biotechnology. Thus, it is not surprising that genomes for more than 100 filamentous fungi have been sequenced, most of them by Sanger sequencing. While next-generation sequencing techniques have revolutionized genome resequencing, e.g. for strain comparisons, genetic mapping,(More)
Mitochondrial dynamics and mitophagy play a key role in ensuring mitochondrial quality control. Impairment thereof was proposed to be causative to neurodegenerative diseases, diabetes, and cancer. Accumulation of mitochondrial dysfunction was further linked to aging. Here we applied a probabilistic modeling approach integrating our current knowledge on(More)
The analyses of previously generated Podospora anserina strains in which the mitochondrial superoxide dismutase, PaSOD3, is increased in abundance, revealed unexpected results, which, at first glance, are contradictory to the 'free radical theory of aging' (FRTA). To re-analyze these results, we performed additional experiments and developed a mathematical(More)
Fungi are eukaryotic microorganisms studied in various areas of general and applied biology. A few species were among the first systems in which specific aspects of aging were addressed experimentally. Various factors, both environmental and genetic, were found to affect lifespan and aging. Mitochondrial pathways play a paramount role. Since mitochondria(More)
The retrograde response constitutes an important signalling pathway from mitochondria to the nucleus which induces several genes to allow compensation of mitochondrial impairments. In the filamentous ascomycete Podospora anserina, an example for such a response is the induction of a nuclear-encoded and iron-dependent alternative oxidase (AOX) occurring when(More)
A global depletion of cellular copper as the result of a deficiency in high-affinity copper uptake was previously shown to affect the phenotype and life span of the filamentous fungus Podospora anserina. We report here the construction of a strain in which the delivery of copper to complex IV of the mitochondrial respiratory chain is affected. This strain,(More)
In experimental gerontology, there is a long tradition in the use of both unicellular and filamentous species of fungi. In the last three decades, biochemical, genetic and molecular approaches have proved very fruitful in elucidating different aspects of ageing. It was shown that various genes and molecular pathways are involved in life span control. The(More)