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Genomic aberrations on chromosome 8 are common in colon cancer, and are associated with lymph node and distant metastases as well as with disease susceptibility. This prompted us to generate a high-resolution map of genomic imbalances of chromosome 8 in 51 primary colon carcinomas using a custom-designed genomic array consisting of a tiling path of BAC(More)
To characterize patterns of global transcriptional deregulation in primary colon carcinomas, we did gene expression profiling of 73 tumors [Unio Internationale Contra Cancrum stage II (n = 33) and stage III (n = 40)] using oligonucleotide microarrays. For 30 of the tumors, expression profiles were compared with those from matched normal mucosa samples. We(More)
Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is an autosomal dominant genetic predisposition syndrome that accounts for 2-7% of all colorectal cancers. Diagnosis of HNPCC is based on family history (defined by Amsterdam or Bethesda Criteria), which often includes a history of multiple synchronous or metachronous cancers. The majority of HNPCC results(More)
Chromosomal aberrations play a dominant role in colorectal carcinogenesis. The application of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) based techniques such as comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) and spectral karyotyping (SKY) revealed that colorectal carcinomas are characterized by a specific pattern of chromosomal imbalances which sequentially(More)
A considerable percentage of rectal cancers are resistant to standard preoperative chemoradiotherapy. Because patients with a priori-resistant tumors do not benefit from multimodal treatment, understanding and overcoming this resistance remains of utmost clinical importance. We recently reported overexpression of the Wnt transcription factor TCF4, also(More)
PURPOSE The prognosis of patients with pancreatic cancer remains poor, even after potentially curative R0 resection. This discrepancy may be due to the histopathological misclassification of R1 cases as curative resections (R0) in the past. MATERIALS AND METHODS To test this hypothesis, color coding of all resection margins and organ surfaces as part of a(More)
PURPOSE Valid molecular markers need to be implemented in clinical trials to fulfill the demand of a risk-adapted and more individualized multimodal therapy of locally advanced primary rectal cancer. In this study, the expression of the inhibitor-of-apoptosis (IAP) protein survivin was evaluated in pretreatment biopsies and corresponding posttreatment(More)
Since Virchow established the foundation of " Cellular pathology " our understanding of cancer has dramatically and fundamentally changed. We now know that cancer is a complex disease originating from genetic defects and chromosomal alterations in unstable , rapidly dividing cells. As a result normal cellular behavior is gradually lost and the cells acquire(More)
BACKGROUND The prognosis of colorectal cancer patients is to a considerable extent determined by the metastatic potency of the primary tumor. However, despite the fact that liver metastases are the leading cause of death for cancer patients, the molecular basis still remains poorly understood and independent prognostic markers have not been established. (More)