Heinrich Zankl

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The bisindole indirubin has been described, more than 30 years ago, as being clinically active in the treatment of human chronic myelocytic leukaemia. However, the underlying mechanism of action has remained unclear. We have reported previously that indirubin and its analogues are potent and selective inhibitors of cyclin-dependent kinases (CDK). In this(More)
Cultures of human blood lymphocytes from three subjects were incubated with the clastogen mitomycin C (MMC, 500 ng/ml) and the aneugen diethylstilboestrol (DES, 80 microM) 23 h before harvesting, to induce formation of micronuclei (MN) and numerical and structural alterations in metaphase chromosomes. We used fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with(More)
The combination of dermatoglyphic patterns and the number and intensity of traits characteristic for Down's syndrome can be statistically expressed by the "Walker" index and the "general" index. More than 96% of a Down's syndrome series and a control series could clearly be separated by the general index. Cytogenetic and dermatoglyphic features were studied(More)
Acrylamide (AA) can be formed in certain foods by heating, predominantly from the precursor asparagine. It is a carcinogen in animal experiments, but the relevance of dietary exposure for humans is still under debate. There is substantial evidence that glycidamide (GA), metabolically formed from AA by Cyp 2E1-mediated epoxidation, acts as ultimate mutagenic(More)
The human in vitro micronucleus (MN) test has become a fast and reliable assay for mutagenicity testing. Currently, this assay is mostly performed with cytochalasin B, which prevents cytokinesis, resulting in polynucleated cells. The number of nuclei per cell indicates the number of nuclear divisions that have occurred since the addition of cytochalasin B.(More)
The mutagenic and cytotoxic effectiveness of the vulcanisation accelerators zinc dimethyldithiocarbamate (ZDMC; ziram) and zinc diisononyldithiocarbamate (ZDINDC; arbestab Z) was tested in lymphocyte cultures of five healthy probands. ZDMC and ZDINDC (c=0.1, 1.0 and 10.0microg/ml) were studied in lymphocyte cultures without external metabolic activation.(More)
Chromosome painting with library DNA probes specific for all human chromosomes was used to study the chromosomal content of micronuclei (MN) in normal and 5-azacytidine (5-aza-C)-treated lymphocyte cultures. More than 60,000 normal lymphocytes were screened for associated MN after in situ hybridization. At least 50 MN were scored for each probe. With the(More)
Fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH) technique with chromosome specific library (CSL) DNA probes for all human chromosomes were used to study about 9000 micronuclei (MN) in normal and idoxuridine (IUdR)-treated lymphocyte cultures of female and male donors. In addition, MN rates and structural chromosome aberrations were scored in Giemsa-stained(More)
A new case of X/autosome translocation in a male patient is described. Azoospermia and Klinefelter like stigmata can be explained as a consequence of the balanced translocation, or by disturbed X-chromosomal inactivation during spermiogenesis. Es wird über einen neuen Fall einer X/Autosom-Translokation beim Mann berichtet. Azoospermie und(More)