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The influence of neural activity on the morphology of retinal-axon-terminal arbors and the precision of the developing retinotectal projection in zebrafish embryos was explored. Terminal-arbor morphology and their distribution in the tectum was determined with anatomical fiber-tracing methods using the fluorescent dyes dil and diO. To allow development(More)
The turning responses of clawed toads (Xenopus laevis) to surface waves were examined in animals with an intact lateral line or with different combinations of lateral lines reversibly inactivated by CoCl2. The responses were characterized with respect to response frequency, turning accuracy, turning side, response time, and swim distance. After the(More)
The turning response to surface waves of clawed toads (Xenopus laevis) with an inactivated lateral line was reinvestigated to examine whether sensory systems other than the lateral line ("second systems") are involved. Two methods were used to block the lateral line input: selective and reversible inactivation of the lateral line periphery using CoCl2 or(More)
In cichlid, poecilid and centrarchid fishes luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (LHRH)-immunoreactive neurons are found in a cell group (nucleus olfactoretinalis) located at the transition between the ventral telencephalon and olfactory bulb. Processes of these neurons project to the contralateral retina, traveling along the border between the internal(More)
Afferent projections to the tectum opticum of the clawed toad Xenopus laevis were studied by injections of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) into the tectum. Cells were labelled in the following nuclei, listed from rostral to caudal: nucleus entopeduncularis anterior, nucleus anterior thalami, nucleus posterior thalami, nucleus ventromedialis thalami, nucleus(More)
Interactions between the lateral-line, general somatosensory and auditory system were studied using field potential analysis and single unit recordings in the torus semicircularis of the clawed toad Xenopus laevis. As a response to paired stimuli (electric shocks applied to the peripheral nerves or acoustic clicks), in all systems a reduction of the second(More)
The physiological aspects of the lateral line of Xiphister atropurpureus--a teleost with multiple, highly branched lateral-line canals on each body side--were investigated. In terms of sensitivity and frequency response, the lateral line of Xiphister is similar to simple, unbranched lateral-line canals. For both the dorsal and the medial trunk canal the(More)