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Short-chain fatty acid irrigation has been shown to ameliorate inflammation in diversion colitis. In this study the effect of butyrate enemas was tested in 10 patients with distal ulcerative colitis who had been unresponsive to or intolerant of standard therapy for 8 weeks. They were treated for 2 weeks with sodium butyrate (100 mmol/L) and 2 weeks with(More)
A high-fat/high-protein diet has been reported to promote colon cancer by increasing luminal bile acid and ammonia concentrations, whereas butyrate, calcium, and low colonic pH may have protective effects. In this study, bromodeoxyuridine labeling of colonic epithelium was investigated after incubating biopsies from the ascending colon of 70 patients with(More)
Recent evidence suggests that resistant starch (RS) is the single most important substrate for bacterial carbohydrate fermentation in the human colon. During two 4-wk periods. 12 healthy volunteers consumed a controlled basal diet enriched with either amylomaize starch (55.2 +/- 3.5 g RS/d; high-RS diet) or available cornstarch (7.7 +/- 0.3 g RS/d; low-RS(More)
Fermentable dietary fiber components are known to stimulate colonic crypt proliferation. As these compounds are rapidly degraded to short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) by the anaerobic microflora, the hypothesis was tested that this trophic effect of fiber may be mediated by SCFAs. Biopsies were taken from normal cecal mucosa of 45 individuals during routine(More)
Diet-induced changes in the colonic microflora seem to play a role in colon carcinogenesis. In this study the effects of a yogurt (500 mL/d for 3 wk) enriched with Bifidobacterium longum and 5 g lactulose/L (A) on the fecal bacterial flora and various risk indexes for colon carcinogenesis were tested in 12 healthy volunteers and compared with a conventional(More)
In the European Cooperative Crohn's Disease Study patients from 14 centers were included in whom diagnosis was made within 2 years before study entry on the basis of generally accepted radiological, endoscopical and/or histological criteria or a combination of all. Reasons for exclusion were: diagnosis older than 2 years in patients who did not require(More)
BACKGROUND Experimental studies have indicated dietary fish oil as a protective agent in colon carcinogenesis. Prostaglandins have been suggested to be involved in this process. In the present study, the effects of fish oil on rectal cell proliferation (i.e., intermediate biomarker of cancer risk), mucosal membrane fatty acids, and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2)(More)
It has been shown that feces of patients with ulcerative colitis uniformly contain sulfate reducing bacteria. Sulfide produced by these bacteria interferes with butyrate-dependent energy metabolism of cultured colonocytes and may be involved in the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis. Mucosal biopsies from the sigmoid rectum of 10 patients (no caner, polyps,(More)
BACKGROUND L-glutamine and n-butyrate are important nutrients for colonocytes affecting both their structure and function. The effect of these epithelial substrates on resealing of rat distal colon after acid induced injury was studied. METHODS Isolated colonic mucosa of 32 rats was mounted in Ussing chambers and exposed to Krebs-Ringer solution for four(More)
During the anaerobic metabolism of the colonic bacterial flora short chain fatty acids and the gases hydrogen (H2) and carbon dioxyde (CO2) are produced. In about 50% of a European and North-American population and in 90% of rural black Africans, methane is generated from H2 and CO2. In methane-negative individuals, sulfate reducing bacteria utilize H2 to(More)