Heinrich Hofmann

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The influence of the composition of the polymer coated polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), vinyl alcohol/vinyl amine copolymer (A-PVA) and polyethylenimine (PEI) coated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) on the colloidal stability, cytotoxicity and cellular uptake of these particles in different cell media is reported in this paper. Although all(More)
Our goal is to develop, characterize and optimize functionalized super paramagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPION) demonstrating the capacity to be internalized by human cancer cells. SPION (mean diameter 9nm) were coated with various ratios to iron oxide of either polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), carboxylate-functionalized PVA, thiol-functionalized PVA and(More)
Super Paramagnetic Iron Oxide Nanoparticles (SPIONs) combined with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are under clinical evaluation to enhance detection of neurodegenerative diseases. A major improvement would be to link therapeutic drugs to the SPIONs to achieve targeted drug delivery, either at the cell surface or intracellularly, together with active(More)
Nanoscaled particles showing superparamagnetic behavior have been intensively studied in the past years for various applications. Nevertheless, the lack of well-defined particles remains an important problem. One of the major challenges is still the large-scale synthesis of particles with a narrow size distribution. The aim of this work is to synthesize and(More)
New approaches to increase the efficiency of non-viral gene delivery are still required. Here we report a simple approach that enhances gene delivery using permanent and pulsating magnetic fields. DNA plasmids and novel DNA fragments (PCR products) containing sequence encoding for green fluorescent protein were coupled to polyethylenimine coated(More)
AIM Ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (USPIO-NPs) are under development for imaging and drug delivery; however, their interaction with human blood-brain barrier models is not known. MATERIALS & METHODS The uptake, reactive oxygen species production and transport of USPIO-NPs across human brain-derived endothelial cells as models of the(More)
In this work, we present a short summary of the synthesis and characterization of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles and their behavior in vitro and in vivo. Therefore, we have used various characterization techniques to deduce the physical particle size as well as magnetic properties. It is shown that the particle properties were significantly(More)
DC recordings of light-evoked responses were made in the isolated, arterially perfused cat eye during four acid-base changes designed to alter intracellular pH (pHi) without appreciably altering extracellular pH (pH0). Two acid-base changes were designed to decrease pHi: substitution of high pCO2, high [HCO3-] perfusate for control perfusate and injection(More)
INTRODUCTION Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) have been successfully used for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of atherosclerotic plaques. Endocytosis into monocytes/macrophages has been proposed as the mechanism for SPION uptake, but a specific receptor has not been identified yet. A potential candidate is the versatile integrin Mac-1(More)
We performed particle size and particle size distribution measurements for L-cysteine-stabilized ZnS/Mn nanoparticles in the size region below 10 nm. For this we applied transmission electron microscopy (TEM), analytical ultracentrifugation (AUC), dynamic light scattering (DLS), and asymmetric flow field flow fractionation (aF-FFF) measurements, and we(More)