Heinrich C. Englert

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On the basis of our findings with diphenylamine-2-carboxylate [5] we have searched for compounds which possess an even higher affinity for the Cl−-channels in the basolateral membrane of the thick ascending limb of the loop of Henle. To quantitiy the inhibitory potency, we performed measurements of the equivalent short circuit current, corresponding to the(More)
The non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, flufenamic acid, mefenamic acid and niflumic acid, block Ca2(+)-activated non-selective cation channels in inside-out patches from the basolateral membrane of rat exocrine pancreatic cells. Half-maximal inhibition was about 10 microM for flufenamic acid and mefenamic acid, whereas niflumic acid was less potent(More)
The novel sulfonylthiourea HMR 1883 was investigated in in vitro systems. The rilmakalim-induced shortening of the APD90 in guinea pig right papillary muscle at pHo = 6.0 was antagonized half-maximally by glibenclamide and HMR 1883 with 0.14 microM and 0. 6 microM, respectively. Hypoxia-induced shortening of the APD90 was significantly attenuated by the(More)
The activation of the ATP-sensitive potassium channel (KATP) during myocardial ischemia leads to potassium efflux, reductions in action potential duration and the formation of ventricular fibrillation (VF). Drugs that inactivate KATP should prevent these changes and thereby prevent VF. However, most KATP antagonists also alter pancreatic channels, which(More)
The majority of anion transport inhibitors tend to be non-specific. This is problematic from a research point of view as caution is required when defining pathways purely based on pharmacology. Here we have tested a range of classical and putative Cl(-) transport inhibitors on three Cl(-) carrier systems (the KCl cotransporter (KCC), the NaK2Cl(More)
Epithelial chloride channels can be blocked by various inhibitors, which show considerable differences in their molecular structure. In the present patch-clamp study, we compared different blockers of one type of epithelial Cl− channel with respect to their inhibitory potency. We applied the blockers to excised inside-out-or outside-out-oriented membrane(More)
The present study examines the effects of diphenylamine-2-carboxylate (DPC) in Cl−-transporting epithelia. This substance blocks reversibly the Cl−-conductance present under normal circumstances in the basolateral membrane of the thick ascending limb of the loop of Henle (TAL) and in the apical membrane of shark rectal gland tubules (RGT). This leads to a(More)
HMR1098, a novel KATP-blocking agent, is metabolized to form an S-glucuronide in rat and dog bile. Synthesis of the S-glucuronide metabolite was studied in human liver and kidney microsomes. Recombinant UPD-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) were screened for activity, and kinetic analysis was performed to identify the isoform or isoforms responsible for the(More)
Previously we have shown that arylamino-benzoates like 5-nitro-2-(3-phenylpropylamino)-benzoate (NPPB), which are very potent inhibitors of NaCl absorption in the thick ascending limb of the loop of Henle, are only poor inhibitors of the cAMP-mediated secretion of NaCl in rat colon. This has prompted our search for more potent inhibitors of NaCl secretion(More)
ATP-dependent potassium (K(ATP)) channels exist in high density in the sarcolemmal membrane of heart muscle cells. Under normoxic conditions these channels are closed, but they become active when the intracellular ATP level falls. This leads to a shortening of the action potential duration, rendering the heart susceptible for life-threatening arrhythmias.(More)