Heino Nitsche

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The polyphosphate kinase gene from Pseudomonas aeruginosa was overexpressed in its native host, resulting in the accumulation of 100 times the polyphosphate seen with control strains. Degradation of this polyphosphate was induced by carbon starvation conditions, resulting in phosphate release into the medium. The mechanism of polyphosphate degradation is(More)
Heavy metal and radionuclide contamination presents a significant environmental problem worldwide. Precipitation of heavy metals on membranes of cells that secrete phosphate has been shown to be an effective method of reducing the volume of these wastes, thus reducing the cost of disposal. A consortium of organisms, some of which secrete large quantities of(More)
The periodic table provides a classification of the chemical properties of the elements. But for the heaviest elements, the transactinides, this role of the periodic table reaches its limits because increasingly strong relativistic effects on the valence electron shells can induce deviations from known trends in chemical properties. In the case of the first(More)
The microstructure, physical characteristics, corrosion behavior, and reactivity of zerovalent iron nanoparticles synthesized on a support (primarily a nonporous, hydrophobic polymer resin) were studied. The remediation of groundwater by zerovalent iron in in situ permeable reactive barriers relies on the redox reaction between metallic iron and a reducible(More)
Column experiments were carried out to investigate the influence of humic colloids on subsurface uranium migration. The columns were packed with well-characterized aeolian quartz sand and equilibrated with groundwater rich in humic colloids (dissolved organic carbon (DOC): 30 mg dm(-3)). U migration was studied under an Ar/1% CO2 gas atmosphere as a(More)
We have investigated the interactions of UVI with two bacterial phosphate-containing species: Gram-positive Bacillus sphaericus and Gram-negative Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The Gram-positive B. sphaericus was investigated by using Raman spectroscopy and time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy (TRLFS). We found that living cells, spores, and(More)
The sorption of U(VI) onto low-grade metamorphic rock phyllite was modeled with the diffuse double layer model (DDLM) using the primary mineralogical constituents of phyllite, i.e. quartz, chlorite, muscovite, and albite, as input components, and as additional component, the poorly ordered Fe oxide hydroxide mineral, ferrihydrite. Ferrihydrite forms during(More)
The spectral and temporal dependence of b-delayed g rays in the range EX3:0 MeV from thermal–neutron-induced fission are shown to be characteristic signatures of 235 U and 239 Pu: For the interrogation of large seagoing cargo containers filled with hydrogenous materials, b-delayed g rays can offer an increase in sensitivity for the detection of these and(More)
The sorption of Pu(VI) onto manganite (MnOOH) and hausmannite (Mn3O4) was studied as a function of time, solution pH, and initial plutonium concentration. Kinetic experiments indicate that the surface complexation of plutonium occurs over the first 24 h of contact with the mineral surface. The sorption increases with pH beginning at pH 3 until it reaches a(More)
Experimental investigations of transactinoide elements provide benchmark results for chemical theory and probe the predictive power of trends in the periodic table. So far, in gas-phase chemical reactions, simple inorganic compounds with the transactinoide in its highest oxidation state have been synthesized. Single-atom production rates, short half-lives,(More)