Heiner Winkler

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Secretogranin II (chromogranin C), originally described as tyrosine sulfated protein of the anterior pituitary, is present in large dense core vesicles of several endocrine cells and neurons. We raised antisera in rabbits to conjugates of two synthetic peptides (bovine secretogranin 133-151 and rat secretogranin 154-186) flanked in the primary structure of(More)
The exocytotic exposure and retrieval of an antigen of chromaffin granule membranes were studied with chromaffin cells isolated from bovine adrenal medulla. Cells were incubated with an antiserum against glycoprotein III followed by fluorescein- or gold-labeled anti-IgG. Immunofluorescence on the cell surface was present in a patchy distribution(More)
The chromogranins comprise a class of acidic proteins that are secreted from large dense core vesicles and expressed in neuronal and endocrine tissues. We describe here the molecular characterization of NESP55 (neuroendocrine secretory protein of Mr 55,000), a novel member of the chromogranins. Several NESP55 cDNA clones were isolated from bovine chromaffin(More)
The distribution of secretoneurin, a peptide derived from its precursor secretogranin II by proteolytic processing, was studied in the central nervous system of the rat by immunocytochemistry and radioimmunoassay and compared to the distribution of secretogranin II messenger RNA by using in situ hybridization. With a specific antiserum a distinct staining(More)
We have analyzed the properties and subcellular localization of synaptophysin (protein p38) in bovine adrenal medulla. In one-dimensional immunoblotting the adrenal antigen appears identical to synaptophysin of rat synaptic vesicles. In two-dimensional immunoblotting it migrates as a heterogeneous band varying in pI from 4.5 to 5.8. Subcellular(More)
Rats were injected with a large dose of reserpine known to stimulate the adrenal medulla. Various times after drug treatment the mRNA levels of several constituents of large dense-core vesicles were determined by northern blot analysis and in situ hybridization. The latter method allowed detection of changes in mRNA levels not only in chromaffin cells, but(More)
An antiserum was raised against the peptide PE-11 whose sequence is present in the chromogranin B molecule. The antiserum reacts only with the free C-terminal end of this peptide. PE-11 immunoreactivity in brain was characterized by molecular size exclusion high performance liquid chromatography. Only the free peptide and a N-terminally elongated peptide(More)