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A method has been developed for culturing cardiac myocytes in a collagen matrix to produce a coherently contracting 3-dimensional model heart tissue that allows direct measurement of isometric contractile force. Embryonic chick cardiomyocytes were mixed with collagen solution and allowed to gel between two Velcro-coated glass tubes. During culture, the(More)
For a rapid induction and efficient resolution of the inflammatory response, gene expression in cells of the immune system is tightly regulated at the transcriptional and post-transcriptional level. The control of mRNA translation has emerged as an important determinant of protein levels, yet its role in macrophage activation is not well understood. We(More)
Adenoviral gene transfer is a promising tool for direct treatment of cystic fibrosis by local application of the CFTR-gene via the airway. However, various host defense mechanisms reduce the adenoviral infectivity and hereby the success of adenoviral transduction. Twenty-eight of 62 BALs from various patients exerted strong inhibition of adenoviral(More)
BACKGROUND The L1 cell adhesion molecule (L1CAM) was originally identified as a neural adhesion molecule involved in axon guidance. In many human epithelial carcinomas L1CAM is overexpressed and thereby augments cell motility, invasion and metastasis formation. L1CAM positive carcinomas are associated with bad prognosis. Recent data point out that L1CAM is(More)
The permanent activation of the transcription factor nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) in pancreatic cancer cells is associated with a profound resistance towards chemotherapy. In the present study, we show that chemoresistant pancreatic cancer cell lines exhibiting constitutive NF-kappaB activity (i.e., PancTu-1, BxPc3, and Capan-1) express significantly(More)
Nrf2 has gained great attention with respect to its pivotal role in cell and tissue protection. Primarily defending cells against metabolic, xenobiotic and oxidative stress, Nrf2 is essential for maintaining tissue integrity. Owing to these functions, Nrf2 is regarded as a promising drug target in the chemoprevention of diseases, including cancer. However,(More)
The pro-inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) plays a central role in inflammatory disorders. Transmembrane TNF-alpha and its two receptors are cleaved by the proteinase TNF-alpha converting enzyme (TACE), resulting in appreciable serum levels of soluble TNF-alpha and soluble TNF-alpha receptors (sTNFR1 and -2). The only known(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) interacts with three types of PACAP/VIP-receptors. The PAC1-receptor accepts PACAP as a high affinity ligand but not vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) similarly binding to VPAC1- and VPAC2-receptors. To identify those amino acids not present in VIP defining PAC1-receptor selectivity of PACAP,(More)
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is characterized by an extensive stroma being also present in chronic pancreatitis (CP). Using immunohistochemistry, the stroma of CP and PDAC was comprehensively analyzed and correlated with epithelial/carcinoma-related alterations and clinicopathological patient characteristics. While there were no significant(More)
Nrf2 and TGF-β1 both affect tumorigenesis in a dual fashion, either by preventing carcinogen induced carcinogenesis and suppressing tumor growth, respectively, or by conferring cytoprotection and invasiveness to tumor cells during malignant transformation. Given the involvement of Nrf2 and TGF-β1 in the adaptation of epithelial cells to persistent(More)