Heiner Schäfer

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A method has been developed for culturing cardiac myocytes in a collagen matrix to produce a coherently contracting 3-dimensional model heart tissue that allows direct measurement of isometric contractile force. Embryonic chick cardiomyocytes were mixed with collagen solution and allowed to gel between two Velcro-coated glass tubes. During culture, the(More)
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common behavioral disorder in childhood with substantial heritability. Pharmacological and molecular genetic studies as well as characterization of animal models have implicated serotonergic dysfunction in the pathophysiology of ADHD. Here, we investigated the effect of polymorphic variants in the(More)
Previously, we had reported a genome-wide scan for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in 102 families with affected sibs of German ancestry; the highest multipoint LOD score of 4.75 was obtained on chromosome 5p13 (parametric HLOD analysis under a dominant model) near the dopamine transporter gene (DAT1). We genotyped 30 single nucleotide(More)
Three groups have previously performed genome scans in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); linkage to chromosome 5p13 was detected in all of the respective studies. In the current study, we performed a whole-genome scan with 102 German families with two or more offspring who currently fulfilled the diagnostic criteria for ADHD. Including(More)
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common, highly heritable neurodevelopmental syndrome characterized by hyperactivity, inattention and increased impulsivity. To detect micro-deletions and micro-duplications that may have a role in the pathogenesis of ADHD, we carried out a genome-wide screen for copy number variations (CNVs) in a cohort(More)
In the present study, we have analysed the effects of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) signaling on the growth behavior of pancreatic carcinoma cells in vitro and on their tumorigenicity in vivo. Ectopic expression of dominant-negative mutants of the TGF-beta type II receptor or type I receptor/activin receptor-like kinase 5 (ALK5) in(More)
A general method is presented integrating the concept of adaptive interim analyses into classical group sequential testing. This allows the researcher to represent every group sequential plan as an adaptive trial design and to make design changes during the course of the trial after every interim analysis in the same way as with adaptive designs. The(More)
Pancreatic cancer is resistant to almost all cytotoxic drugs. Currently, gemcitabine appears to be the only clinically active drug but, because of pre-existing or acquired chemoresistance of most of the tumor cells, it failed to significantly improve the outcome of pancreatic carcinoma patients. The current study examined the relevance of nuclear factor(More)
Previous genome-wide linkage studies applied the affected sib-pair design; one investigated extended pedigrees of a genetic isolate. Here, results of a genome-wide high-density linkage scan of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) using an array-based genotyping of approximately 50 K single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) markers are presented. We(More)
Evidence accumulates that the transcription factor nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) has an essential role in cancer development and chemoresistance, thus pointing to its potential as an anticancer target and undermining its suitability in chemoprevention. Through the induction of cytoprotective and proteasomal genes, Nrf2 confers apoptosis(More)