Heiner Niessen

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Intercellular propagation of signals through connexin32-containing gap junctions is of major importance in physiological processes like nerve activity-dependent glucose mobilization in liver parenchymal cells and enzyme secretion from pancreatic acinar cells. In these cells, as in other organs, more than one type of connexin is expressed. We hypothesized(More)
Olfactory receptors are the largest group of orphan G protein-coupled receptors with an infinitely small number of agonists identified out of thousands of odorants. The de-orphaning of olfactory receptor (OR) is complicated by its combinatorial odorant coding and thus requires large scale odorant and receptor screening and establishing receptor-specific(More)
Here we present a method by which gap junction-mediated intercellular diffusion of adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) molecules can be monitored in "real-time" and the cAMP permeability of different gap junction channels can be compared. Intercellular cAMP diffusion was investigated throughout this study in human HeLa cells coexpressing murine(More)
Gap junctions are intercellular conduits that are formed in vertebrates by connexin proteins and allow diffusion exchange of intracellular ions and small molecules. At least 20 different connexin genes in the human and mouse genome are cell-type specifically expressed with overlapping expression patterns. A possible explanation for this diversity could be(More)
 Hepatocytes were isolated from wild-type and connexin32-deficient (Cx32-deficient) mice. Pairs of cells were chosen to study the electrical properties of gap junction channels using the dual voltage-clamp method. The total gap junction currents revealed that Cx32-deficient hepatocytes express one type of connexin (Cx26) and wild-type hepatocytes express(More)
Livers from connexin32 (Cx32) deficient mice have been shown to be defective in hormonally induced glucose mobilization. In order to determine whether this effect is due to decreased diffusion of the second messenger inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP(3)) between hepatocytes, we injected iontophoretically different amounts of IP(3) in Fura-2 loaded hepatocyte(More)
Direct intercellular communication through gap junction channels is involved in the maintenance of tissue homeostasis and suppression of carcinogenesis. Gap-junctional communication is often altered in tumor cells but it can also be modulated in response to tumor promotors or inflammatory signals. In order to evaluate the effect of nongenotoxic compounds,(More)
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