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Our objective was to determine the frequency of antibodies to cyclic citrullinated peptides (CCPs) in a series of patients with a variety of rheumatic diseases. Seven hundred consecutive serum samples from patients at an outpatient clinic were tested for the presence of rheumatoid factor (RF) and anti-CCP. Clinical diagnosis, radiographic information, and(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the relative contribution of tumour necrosis factor (TNF) and HLA-DRB1 polymorphisms to the genetic susceptibility to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) via an extended haplotype analysis. METHODS We performed an association study in 205 unrelated German Caucasian patients with SLE fulfilling the 1997 revised American College of(More)
Experiences with extracorporeal therapy in systemic lupus erythematosus have been published over the last 20 years and more. In addition to plasmapheresis, specific adsorption columns have been developed to deplete pathogenic antibodies and immune complexes in the plasma of patients with SLE. We conducted a prospective randomized trial to compare the(More)
OBJECTIVE A biallelic polymorphism within the human interleukin (IL)-6 gene promoter region (-174 G/C) has been shown to affect IL-6 transcription in vitro and IL-6 plasma levels in healthy adults. Because IL-6 is excessively released into the circulation during sepsis and closely correlates with the clinical course, we studied whether this promoter(More)
OBJECTIVES To analyse the association of interleukin 10 (IL10) promoter polymorphisms, which have been shown to be related to IL10 secretion capacity, with the response to long term treatment with etanercept in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS Fifty patients with active RA were treated for up to 4 years (median 39 months, range 3-52) with(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effectiveness and safety of mycophenolate mofetil in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus who were inadequately controlled with corticosteroids, antimalarials, and other immunosuppressive agents. METHODS Ten patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) were treated with 1500-2000 mg mycophenolae mofetil (MMF) daily(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether platelet (PLT) counts might serve as a biomarker to distinguish between active anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) and remission and also between active disease and systemic infection. METHOD PLTs were analysed before treatment in patients with AAV in the active state and in remission.(More)
Indices prognosticating anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) response in patients with rheumatoid arthritis are a matter of interest. Differential outcome under anti-TNF and anti-interleukin-6 (IL-6) therapy raises the question whether genetic polymorphisms that have previously been linked to IL-6 production are associated with response to anti-TNF therapy.(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of mycophenolate sodium (MPS) in patients with primary Sjögren syndrome (pSS) refractory to other immunosuppressive agents. Eleven patients with pSS were treated with MPS up to 1,440 mg daily for an observation period of 6 months in this single-center, open-label pilot trial. At baseline, after 3(More)
An objective was to determine the frequency of GM-CSF secreting peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) in patients with active systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and their relation to other cytokine secreting PBMC, activation markers on lymphocytes/monocytes, clinical manifestations and anti-dsDNA antibodies. A second objective was to further investigate(More)