Learn More
Motion of an extended boundary can be measured locally by neurons only orthogonal to its orientation (aperture problem) while this ambiguity is resolved for localized image features, such as corners or nonocclusion junctions. The integration of local motion signals sampled along the outline of a moving form reveals the object velocity. We propose a new(More)
A majority of cortical areas are connected via feedforward and feedback fiber projections. In feedforward pathways we mainly observe stages of feature detection and integration. The computational role of the descending pathways at different stages of processing remains mainly unknown. Based on empirical findings we suggest that the top-down feedback(More)
The neural mechanisms underlying motion segregation and integration still remain unclear to a large extent. Local motion estimates often are ambiguous in the lack of form features, such as corners or junctions. Furthermore, even in the presence of such features, local motion estimates may be wrong if they were generated near occlusions or from transparent(More)
In most cases authors are permitted to post their version of the article (e.g. in Word or Tex form) to their personal website or institutional repository. Authors requiring further information regarding Elsevier's archiving and manuscript policies are encouraged to visit: Visual motion field Robust estimators Optic flow Random sample consensus m-Functions(More)
Event-based sensing, i.e., the asynchronous detection of luminance changes, promises low-energy, high dynamic range, and sparse sensing. This stands in contrast to whole image frame-wise acquisition by standard cameras. Here, we systematically investigate the implications of event-based sensing in the context of visual motion, or flow, estimation. Starting(More)
We have previously developed a neurodynamical model of motion segregation in cortical visual area V1 and MT of the dorsal stream. The model explains how motion ambiguities caused by the motion aperture problem can be solved for coherently moving objects of arbitrary size by means of cortical mechanisms. The major bottleneck in the development of a reliable(More)
Junctions provide important cues in various perceptual tasks, such as the determination of occlusion relationships for figure-ground separation, transparency perception, and object recognition, among others. In computer vision, junctions are used in a number of tasks, like point matching for image tracking or correspondence analysis. We propose a(More)
We propose a novel model of visual contrast measurement based on segregated On and Off pathways. Two driving forces have shaped our investigation: (1) establishing a mechanism selective for sharp local transitions in the luminance distribution; (2) generating a robust scheme of oriented contrast detection. Our starting point was the architecture of early(More)