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Im Auftrag der schmerzmedizinischen/psychologischen Fachgesellschaften, der Selbsthilfeorganisation der Schmerzpatienten und des Berufsverbandes der Schmerztherapeuten und Schmerzpsychologen hat die Gemeinsame Kommission der Fachgesellschaften und Verbände für Qualität in der Schmerzmedizin unter Mitwirkung der jeweiligen Präsidenten überprüfbare Struktur-(More)
Cell-free extracts of Comamonas testosteroni T-2 grown in toluene-p-sulphonate/salts medium catalyse the conversion of p-sulphobenzoate (PSB) into protocatechuate and sulphite by an NADH-requiring and Fe2(+)-activated dioxygenase. Anion-exchange chromatography of extracts yielded red (A) and yellow (B) protein fractions, both of which were necessary for(More)
OBJECTIVES We investigated the in vitro activity of cadazolid against 100 Clostridium difficile isolates and its efficacy in a simulated human gut model of C. difficile infection (CDI). METHODS MICs of cadazolid, metronidazole, vancomycin, moxifloxacin and linezolid were determined using agar incorporation for 100 C. difficile isolates, including 30(More)
The mechanism of transport of the xenobiotic 4-toluene sulfonate (TS) in Comamonas testosteroni T-2 was investigated. Rapid uptake of TS was observed only in cells grown with TS or 4-methylbenzoate as a carbon and energy source. Initial uptake rates under aerobic conditions showed substrate saturation kinetics, with an apparent affinity constant (Kt) of 88(More)
Pseudomonas (Comamonas) testosteroni T-2 completely converted p-toluenesulphonic acid (TS) or p-sulphobenzoic acid (PSB) to cell material, CO2 and sulphate, with growth yields of about 5 g protein (mol C)-1. PSB and sulphite were excreted as transient intermediates during growth in TS-salts medium. All reactions of a catabolic pathway involving sidechain(More)
The calyx of Held is probably the largest synaptic terminal in the brain, forming a unique one-to-one connection in the auditory ventral brainstem. During early development, calyces have many collaterals, whose function is unknown. Using electrophysiological recordings and fast-calcium imaging in brain slices, we demonstrate that these collaterals are(More)
BACKGROUND Riboflavin seems to have a promising effect on migraine in adults. The present study examines whether riboflavin has a prophylactic effect on migraine in children. OBJECTIVE To investigate whether riboflavin in a dosage of 50 mg/day has a prophylactic effect on migraine attacks in young children. SUBJECTS AND METHODS This randomised,(More)
Comamonas testosteroni T-2 synthesizes an inducible enzyme system that oxygenates 4-toluene sulfontate (TS) to 4-sulfobenzyl alcohol when grown in TS-salts medium. We purified this TS methyl-monooxygenase system (TSMOS) and found it to consist of two components. A monomeric, iron-sulfur flavoprotein (component B), which has been shown to act as a reductase(More)
It is generally thought that class III β-tubulin expression is limited to cells of the neural lineage and is therefore often used to identify neurons amongst other cell types, both in vivo and in vitro. Melanocytes are derived from the neural crest and share both morphological features and functional characteristics with peripheral neurons. Here, we show(More)
Hearing depends on correct functioning of the cochlear hair cells, and their innervation by spiral ganglion neurons. Most of the insight into the embryological and molecular development of this sensory system has been derived from animal studies. In contrast, little is known about the molecular expression patterns and dynamics of signaling molecules during(More)