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PURPOSE To develop a method of using isolated rat retina as a biosensor in experiments on controlled drug release for measuring the resultant concentration of free model drug in living tissue and for testing the biocompatibility of the polymers and polymeric nanostructures used as drug carriers. METHODS The method is based on the monotonic dependence of(More)
Polar stratospheric clouds (PSCs) are extremely efficient at catalysing the transformation of photostable chlorine reservoirs into photolabile species, which are actively involved in springtime ozone-depletion events. Why PSCs are such efficient catalysts, however, is not well understood. Here, we investigate the freezing behaviour of ternary HNO₃-H₂SO₄-H₂O(More)
Remerciements Cette thèse a été réalisée au Laboratoire Léon Brillouin. Je souhaiterais donc remercier Philippe Mangin et Christiane Alba-Simionesco (directeurs successifs), Susana Gota-Goldmann et Jean-Paul Visticot (sous-directeurs successifs) et Alain Menelle pour m'avoir accueilli au sein de leur laboratoire. Je suis très reconnaissante à Dominique(More)
The freezing of aqueous solutions and reciprocal distribution of ice and a freeze-concentrated solution (FCS) are poorly understood in spite of their importance in fields ranging from biotechnology and life sciences to geophysics and climate change. Using an optical cryo-microscope and differential scanning calorimetry, we demonstrate that upon cooling of(More)
Although various complex, bulky ligands have been used to functionalize plasmonic gold nanoparticles, introducing them to small, atomically precise gold clusters is not trivial. Here, we demonstrate a simple one-pot procedure to synthesize fluorescent magic number Au25 clusters carrying controlled amounts of bulky calix[4]arene functionalities. These(More)
The crosslinking theory of aging has been gaining acceptance at a steady pace, as evidenced by many independent rediscoveries. While several earlier studies were indicative, none seemed conclusive until it was shown, using Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), that protein from young human brains could be made to closely resemble protein from old brains(More)
Calorimetric and optical cryo-microscope measurements of 10-64 wt % citric acid (CA) solutions subjected to moderate (3 K/min) and slow (0.5 and 0.1 K/min) cooling/warming rates and also to quenching/moderate warming between 320 and 133 K are presented. Depending on solution concentration and cooling rate, the obtained thermograms show one freezing event(More)
There is an urgent need for accessible purification and separation strategies of atomically precise metal clusters in order to promote the study of their fundamental properties. Although the separation of mixtures of atomically precise gold clusters Au25L18, where L are thiolates, has been demonstrated by advanced separation techniques, we present here the(More)
Thermoresponsive colloi-dal particles were prepared by seeded precipitation polymerization of N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM) in the presence of a crosslinking mono-mer, N,N-methylenebisacrylamide (MBA), using polystyrene latex particles (ca. 50 nm in diameter) as seeds in aqueous dispersion. Phase transitions of the prepared poly(N-isopropyla-crylamide),(More)
Silicon-based mesoporous nanoparticles have been extensively studied to meet the challenges in the drug delivery. Functionality of these nanoparticles depends on their properties which are often changing as a function of particle size and surrounding medium. Widely used characterization methods, dynamic light scattering (DLS), and transmission electron(More)