Heikki J. Hietanen

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BACKGROUND The ankle blood pressure is commonly used as a ratio to the brachial blood pressure, called ankle-brachial index (ABI). Very few studies have considered the independent value of the ankle blood pressure without indexing it to the brachial blood pressure. We examined the value of ankle blood pressure, together with the exercise blood pressure, as(More)
Background and Objective. We examined the association of elevated ankle blood pressure (ABP), together with exercise blood pressure, with incident cerebrovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality in a prospective follow-up study of 3,808 patients. The results were compared with pulse pressure, another indicator of arterial stiffness. Methods. Patients with(More)
I n surgical patients, the effects of perianesthetic medications and the physiologic perturbations induced by tissue trauma modulate various aspects of bodily function, particularly cardiac electrical and autonomic nervous system activities. In dogs, perioperative alterations in cardiac electrical activity have been documented through electrocardiography 1(More)
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