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Alterations in tactile sensitivity are common in patients with chronic pain. Recent brain imaging studies have indicated that brain areas activated by acute experimental pain partly overlap with areas processing innocuous tactile stimuli. However, the possible effect of chronic pain on central tactile processing has remained unclear. We have examined, both(More)
STUDY DESIGN A randomized controlled trial. OBJECTIVES To assess the effectiveness of decompressive surgery as compared with nonoperative measures in the treatment of patients with lumbar spinal stenosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA No previous randomized trial has assessed the effectiveness of surgery in comparison with conservative treatment for spinal(More)
STUDY DESIGN A prospective randomized controlled trial. OBJECTIVES To examine the effectiveness of combined manipulative treatment, stabilizing exercises, and physician consultation compared with physician consultation alone for chronic low back pain. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Strong evidence exists that manual therapy provides more effective(More)
A sample of 508 male and female white-collar and blue-collar employees aged 35 to 54 years was evaluated clinically to determine the reliability of repetitive sit-ups, repetitive arch-ups, repetitive squatting, and static back endurance tests, to determine the normal values of these tests and to detect determinants for trunk muscle performance. All of the(More)
STUDY DESIGN Randomized controlled trial. OBJECTIVES To Investigate the long-term effectiveness, costs, and effect modifiers of a mini-intervention, provided in addition to the usual care, and the incremental effect of a worksite visit for patients with subacute disabling low back pain (LBP). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA A mini-intervention was earlier(More)
STUDY DESIGN Randomized controlled trial. OBJECTIVES To investigate the effectiveness and costs of a mini-intervention, provided in addition to the usual care, and the incremental effect of a work site visit for patients with subacute disabling low back pain. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA There is lack of data on cost-effectiveness of brief interventions(More)
A sample of 508 male and female white-collar and blue-collar employees aged 35 to 54 years were examined clinically to determine the reliability of spinal flexibility measurements using inclinometers and a tape measure, and to determine the normal values of cervical sagittal movements, lateral flexion, lumbar flexion and extension, trunk rotation and(More)
Clinical assessments of health status and work ability were compared with subjective assessments reported on a questionnaire. The clinical examinations included cardiorespiratory, musculoskeletal, and psychological measurements. The subjective work ability comprised an index based on estimations of work ability in relation to diseases, job demands, and(More)
BACKGROUND Multidisciplinary biopsychosocial rehabilitation programs are widely applied for chronic low back pain patients. The biopsychosocial approach can also prevent chronicity, by providing rehabilitation for patients who still have pain past the initial acute phase. Nevertheless, multidisciplinary treatment programmes are often laborious and long(More)
Association of health locus of control beliefs (HLC) and psychological distress (GHQ-12) with short-term outcome of low-back pain (LBP) rehabilitation was studied in patients with chronic or recurrent LBP (n = 459; aged 35-54 years; 63% men). These patients were randomly assigned to 3 study groups, namely the inpatient, the outpatient and the control group.(More)