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Through genome-wide association meta-analyses of up to 133,010 individuals of European ancestry without diabetes, including individuals newly genotyped using the Metabochip, we have increased the number of confirmed loci influencing glycemic traits to 53, of which 33 also increase type 2 diabetes risk (q < 0.05). Loci influencing fasting insulin(More)
BACKGROUND Recent evidence indicates that a soluble fragment of the erbB-2 oncogene product may be released from cell surface and become detectable in the serum of patients with breast cancer. METHODS To study the diagnostic utility of this phenomenon, the authors measured serum erbB-2 levels with a quantitative enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 227(More)
OBJECTIVE — To investigate 1-year outcomes of a national diabetes prevention program in Finland. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS — Altogether 10,149 individuals at high risk for diabetes were identified with the Finnish Diabetes Risk Score (FINDRISC; scoring Ն15 points), by a history of impaired fasting glucose (IFG) or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT),(More)
BACKGROUND There is a worldwide increase in the prevalence of obesity and disturbances in glucose metabolism. The aim of this study was to assess the current prevalence of obesity, central obesity and abnormal glucose tolerance in Finnish population, and to investigate the associations between body mass index (BMI), waist circumference and abnormal glucose(More)
BACKGROUND Costs for treating patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) have grown noticeably. However, most of the cost estimates to date have taken the perspective of the payers. Hence, direct costs of treating ESRD are not accurately known. METHODS Files of all adult patients with ESRD who entered dialysis therapy between January 1, 1991, and(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine the association between serum calcium and the components of metabolic syndrome (MetS). METHODS As a part of the national prevention program of diabetes in Finland (FIN-D2D), a randomly selected study population of 4500 middle-aged men and women were recruited from three central hospital(More)
OBJECTIVES Current evidence shows that type 2 diabetes (T2D) can be prevented by life-style changes and medication. To meet the menacing diabetes epidemic, there is an urgent need to translate the scientific evidence regarding prevention of T2D into daily clinical practice and public health. In Finland, a national programme for the prevention of T2D has(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate 1-year outcomes of a national diabetes prevention program in Finland. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Altogether 10,149 individuals at high risk for diabetes were identified with the Finnish Diabetes Risk Score (FINDRISC; scoring ≥15 points), by a history of impaired fasting glucose (IFG) or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT),(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the association between sleep duration with type 2 diabetes and abnormal glucose tolerance among middle-aged men and women in Finland. METHODS The FIN-D2D survey is a population-based cross-sectional multicentre study in Finland, with 1336 men and 1434 women aged 45-74 participating in the survey during 2004 and 2005. A health(More)