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BACKGROUND In coronary artery bypass surgery the detection of the target vessels can be difficult due to their intramural location, coverage by adipose tissue, calcification, or fibrous tissue formation. Their identification is especially critical during off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) and minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB)(More)
Malignant histiocytosis is a rare disease which is characterised by the neoplastic proliferation of tissue macrophages (histiocytes) leading to excessive phagocytosis of erythrocytes. The clinical signs and pathological findings in three Bernese mountain dogs are described. Two of the dogs had the same sire. The disease has been established as a familial(More)
The prevalence of polycystic kidney disease was assessed in 132 Persian cats, 46 of them referred for the investigation and treatment of medical or surgical conditions, and 86 apparently healthy cats referred specifically to be screened for the disease. Cats referred for the investigation of renomegaly or renal failure were excluded, and cats under 10(More)
Real-time ultrasonographic examination of the canine larynx was performed in 12 normal dogs using a 7.5-mHz mechanical sector scanner combined with a stand-off. A variety of breeds and ages were examined. All examinations were performed in nonsedated, conscious animals. Transverse scans were found to provide the most reliable and interpretable images.(More)
BACKGROUND Minimally invasive coronary artery surgery needs fast, reliable and easy methods of carrying out anastomoses. The aim of our study was to evaluate the use of BioGlue in sutureless vascular anastomoses in the lapine model. METHODS In 24 New Zealand white rabbits, 43 transsected carotid arteries were re-anastomosed using either a combination of(More)
To evaluate the usefulness and safety of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) dacryocystography in detecting lesions, identifying coexisting soft-tissue changes and determining treatment options in patients with epiphora. Unilateral digital subtraction dacryocystography and CBCT dacryocystography were carried out on 45 patients. Stenoses and occlusions were(More)
A radiographic scoring system for features of osteoarthritis of the canine stifle joint was devised. Intra- and inter-rater agreement was assessed by calculation of unweighted kappa statistics. "Global score," "effusion," "osteophytosis," and "intra-articular mineralization" were all features that had acceptable reliability, but "subchondral sclerosis" did(More)
Three dogs were presented for investigation of recurrent pyrexia of unknown origin, chronic vomiting and respiratory distress, respectively. One dog was markedly underweight and the other two were cachexic. Physical examination and initial diagnostic tests failed to establish the underlying cause of the presenting signs. Thoracic radiographs were within(More)
Ultrasonographic imaging of the cervical trachea was performed with the neck in both a neutral and a hyperextended position in 10 dogs with tracheal collapse. Tracheoscopy was used to confirm a diagnosis of tracheal collapse. The ultrasound investigation was repeated in 10 dogs of similar size but without tracheal abnormality. The ultrasonographic findings(More)
We investigated the prevalence of an anatomic variant of the proximal femur, termed the broomstick-like femoral head and neck formation, and its influence on the Féderation Cynologique Internationale (FCI) hip dysplasia score in 294 German Shepherd dogs. One-hundred and eighty (61%) of the 294 dogs in our study had this anatomic variant. The calculated area(More)