Heike Pröhl

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We use a combination of microsatellite marker analysis and mate-choice behavior experiments to assess patterns of reproductive isolation of the túngara frog Physalaemus pustulosus along a 550-km transect of 25 populations in Costa Rica and Panama. Earlier studies using allozymes and mitochondrial DNA defined two genetic groups of túngara frogs, one ranging(More)
We studied the effect of relative parental investment on potential reproductive rates (PRRs) to explain sex differences in selectivity and competition in the dart-poison frog Dendrobates pumilio. We recorded the reproductive behavior of this species in a Costa Rican lowland rainforest for almost 6 months. Females spent more time on parental care than males,(More)
Poison frogs (Dendrobatidae) have been the subject of scientific interest for a long time due to their bright colouration, astonishing phenotypic variability and complex breeding behaviour (Daly and Myers, 1967; Savage, 1968; Myers et al., 1983). In the past, species were diagnosed and their relationships evaluated mainly using morphological(More)
The coexistence of both aposematic and cryptic morphs as different anti-predator strategies within a species seems to be an unusual phenomenon in nature. The strawberry poison frog, Oophaga pumilio, shows an astonishing colour diversity among populations in western Panama. In this study we selected a red and a green colour morph from two Panamanian islands(More)
In many species male reproductive success is limited by access to females. Territoriality is one behavioural strategy which helps to acquire females. In the present study, we investigated the correlation between territory size and (1) female availability and (2) rate of intrusion by conspecific males in strawberry poison frogs, Oophaga pumilio. Males(More)
*Correspondence: Corinna E. Dreher, Institute of Zoology, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation, Bünteweg 17, Hannover 30559, Germany e-mail: corinnadreher@gmail.com Sexual signals indicate species identity and mate quality, and their importance for mate attraction is largely recognized. Recently, research in animal communication has(More)
Aposematism and crypsis are often viewed as two extremes of a continuum of visual conspicuousness to predators. Theory predicts that behavioral and coloration conspicuousness should vary in tandem along the conspicuousness spectrum for antipredator strategies to be effective. Here we used visual modeling of contrast and behavioral observations to examine(More)
We describe primers and PCR conditions to amplify nine new tetranucleotide loci and one new dinucleotide locus isolated from the strawberry poison frog (Oophaga pumilio). In 21 individuals from Costa Rica, the number of alleles ranged from 4 to 16, observed heterozygosities from 40 to 100%, and polymorphic information content ranged from 0.60 to 0.90 per(More)
Both modelling and field data from three breeding seasons show that an environmental factor, clutch loss (CL), affects the operational sex ratio (OSR) and therefore male mating frequency in strawberry poison frogs. Clutch loss affects the length of reproductive cycles of both sexes: with increasing clutch losses, males spend proportionately more time than(More)
In many species with a resource-based mating system, males defend resources to increase their attractiveness to females. In the strawberry poison frog, Dendrobates pumilio, suitable tadpole-rearing sites appear to be a limited resource for females. Territorial males have been suggested to defend tadpole-rearing sites to increase their access to females. In(More)