Learn More
Genetically homogenous C57Bl/6 mice display differential metabolic adaptation when fed a high fat diet for 9 months. Most become obese and diabetic, but a significant fraction remains lean and diabetic or lean and non-diabetic. Here, we performed microarray analysis of "metabolic" transcripts expressed in liver and hindlimb muscles to evaluate: (i) whether(More)
BACKGROUND Acetyl-CoA carboxylases (ACC) 1 and 2 are central enzymes in lipid metabolism. To further investigate their relevance for the development of obesity and type 2 diabetes, expression of both ACC isoforms was analyzed in obese fa/fa Zucker fatty and Zucker diabetic fatty rats at different ages in comparison to Zucker lean controls. METHODS ACC1(More)
With increasing rates of obesity driving the incidence of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases to epidemic levels, understanding of the biology of adipose tissue expansion is a focus of current research. Identification and characterization of secreted proteins of the adipose tissue could provide further insights into the function of adipose tissue(More)
In recent years, the increasing prevalence of obesity and obesity-related co-morbidities fostered intensive research in the field of adipose tissue biology. To further unravel molecular mechanisms of adipose tissue function, genetic tools enabling functional studies in vitro and in vivo are essential. While the use of transgenic animals is well established,(More)
  • H Neubauer
  • 1979
'Redox processes' and complex biochemical formations offer a simple key to understanding metallotic damage to the eye. Various factors determine the timing and severity of this damage. Siderosis is a process with a chronic course. In a large group of patients with copper-containing foreign bodies the majority showed a more acute course. In the past, the(More)
While Bmp4 has a well-established role in the commitment of mesenchymal stem cells into the adipogenic lineage, its role in brown adipocyte formation and activity is not well defined. Here, we show that Bmp4 has a dual function in adipogenesis by inducing adipocyte commitment while inhibiting the acquisition of a brown phenotype during terminal(More)
Alongside cell lines such as 3T3-L1 cells, primary cell culture models of adipogenesis have helped in developing an understanding of the process of adipocyte recruitment and maintenance, which may lead to therapeutic advances to treat the growing epidemic of obesity. Recently, it has been demonstrated that fat cell progenitors (DFAT) established through(More)