Heike M Hermanns

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The IL (interleukin)-6-type cytokines IL-6, IL-11, LIF (leukaemia inhibitory factor), OSM (oncostatin M), ciliary neurotrophic factor, cardiotrophin-1 and cardiotrophin-like cytokine are an important family of mediators involved in the regulation of the acute-phase response to injury and infection. Besides their functions in inflammation and the immune(More)
Interleukin (IL)-6-type cytokines are critically involved in health and disease. The duration and strength of IL-6-type cytokine-mediated signaling is tightly regulated to avoid overshooting activities. Here, molecular mechanisms of inter-familiar cytokine cross-talk are reviewed which regulate dynamics and strength of IL-6 signal transduction. Both(More)
BACKGROUND IL-31 is produced by activated T lymphocytes, preferentially by TH2 cells. Transgenic mice overexpressing IL-31 have a phenotype resembling allergic dermatitis in human subjects. OBJECTIVE We sought to evaluate the potential importance of IL-31 in the pathogenesis of human T cell-mediated skin diseases. METHODS We analyzed total RNA taken(More)
Oncostatin M (OSM) and interleukin-31 (IL-31) are two cytokines belonging to the IL-6 family which share a common signaling receptor subunit, the OSM receptor beta (OSMRβ). Both of them are released by monocytes/macrophages, dendritic cells and T lymphocytes in inflammatory situations and upon binding to their respective receptor complexes they signal(More)
Down-regulation of interleukin (IL)-6-type cytokine signaling has been shown to occur, among other mechanisms, via induction of the feedback inhibitor SOCS3 (suppressor of cytokine signaling 3). Binding of SOCS3 to the phosphorylated Tyr(759) in the cytoplasmic region of gp130, the common signal transducing receptor chain of all IL-6-type cytokines, is(More)
Signalling of interleukin (IL)-6 and interleukin-11 through gp130 homodimeric receptor complexes has been analysed with respect to initiation and termination of signalling in great detail. Gp130 contains a crucial motif around tyrosine Y759, which mediates negative regulation through the feedback inhibitor SOCS3 and the protein tyrosine phosphatase SHP2.(More)
The inflammatory response involves a complex interplay of different cytokines which act in an auto- or paracrine manner to induce the so-called acute phase response. Cytokines are known to crosstalk on multiple levels, for instance by regulating the mRNA stability of targeted cytokines through activation of the p38-MAPK pathway. In our study we discovered a(More)
The oncostatin M receptor (OSMR) is part of a heterodimeric receptor complex that mediates signal transduction of the pleiotropic cytokine OSM via a signaling pathway involving Janus kinases (Jaks) and transcription factors of the signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) family. Upon heterologous expression of the OSMR in several cell(More)
The gp130-like receptor (GPL) is a recently cloned member of the family of type I cytokine receptors. The name reflects its close relationship to gp130, the common receptor subunit of the interleukin (IL)-6-type cytokines. Indeed, the recently proposed ligand for GPL, IL-31, is closely related to the IL-6-type cytokines oncostatin M, leukemia inhibitory(More)
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is increasing in prevalence. It can be subdivided into nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Five to twenty percent of cases progress from NAFL to NASH. Increased hepatic Th17 cells and IL-17 expression were observed in NASH mice and patients, respectively. We analyzed CD4(+) effector T(More)