Learn More
The validity of testing for high-risk types of human papillomavirus (HPV) in cervical cancer prevention programs is undetermined. We compared the performance on primary screening of HPV DNA testing, cytology and colposcopy in detecting cervical intra-epithelial neoplasia (CIN) grade 2 or 3 or cancer. A cohort of 4,761 women, median age 35 years, was(More)
Several studies suggest that HPV testing is more sensitive than cytology in primary cervical screening. These studies had different designs and were reported in different ways. Individual patient data were collected for all European and North American studies in which cytology was routinely performed and HPV testing was included as an additional parallel(More)
INTRODUCTION Current sepsis guidelines recommend antimicrobial treatment (AT) within one hour after onset of sepsis-related organ dysfunction (OD) and surgical source control within 12 hours. The objective of this study was to explore the association between initial infection management according to sepsis treatment recommendations and patient outcome. (More)
The Eurasian lineages of swine influenza viruses are different genetically from classical swine H1N1 influenza viruses and comprise avian-like H1N1 and human-like H1N2 and H3N2 subtypes. Although sporadic isolation of such viruses from human specimens has been reported, the prevalence of human infections is not known. In the present study, the(More)
Epidemiological, clinical and radiological data of 1266 patients with a unilateral acetabular fracture of up to 29 hospitals was reviewed. Three time periods, 1991-1993 (Registry I; n=359), 1998-2000 (Registry II; n=503), and 2005-2006 (Registry III; n=404) were compared with regard to injury pattern and severity, fracture type, and chosen nonoperative vs.(More)
The heart rate variability (HRV) is related to several mechanisms of the complex autonomic functioning such as respiratory heart rate modulation and phase dependencies between heart beat cycles and breathing cycles. The underlying processes are basically nonlinear. In order to understand and quantitatively assess those physiological interactions an adequate(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this prospective, multicenter study was to define the accuracy of lung ultrasound (LUS) in the diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). METHODS Three hundred sixty-two patients with suspected CAP were enrolled in 14 European centers. At baseline, history, clinical examination, laboratory testing, and LUS were performed as(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical trials are essential in clinically orientated medical research. Enrollment of patients is determined by patient-related barriers, protocol-related barriers, and motivation and behavior of the physician. MAIN THESES Patients enrollment in clinical trials is determined by disease, possible diagnostic or therapeutic benefit of study(More)
PURPOSE Complex autonomic communication can be assessed by autonomic information flow (AIF) functions. The objective was to evaluate new complexity measures involving physiologically relevant time scales to predict the length of stay (LOS) in the hospital after abdominal aortic surgery (AAS). Our hypothesis was that AAS disrupts AIF, that restoration of AIF(More)
BACKGROUND Communication is a hallmark of end-of-life care in the intensive care unit. It may influence the impact of end-of-life care on patients' relatives. We aimed to assess end-of-life care and communication from the perspective of intensive care unit staff and relate it to relatives' psychological symptoms. DESIGN Prospective observational study(More)