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To identify specific transporters that drive xenobiotics from central nervous system to blood, the accumulation of fluorescent drugs was studied in isolated capillaries from rat and pig brain using confocal microscopy and quantitative image analysis. Luminal accumulation of daunomycin and of fluorescent derivatives of cyclosporine A (CSA) and ivermectin was(More)
The human brain endothelial capillary cell line hCMEC/D3 has been developed recently as a model for the human blood-brain barrier. In this study a further characterization of this model was performed with special emphasis on permeability properties and active drug transport. Para- or transcellular permeabilities (P(e)) of inulin (0.74 x 10(-3) cm/min),(More)
Glucagon-like peptide-1-(7-36)-amide (GLP-1) is involved in satiety control and glucose homeostasis. Animal studies suggest a physiological role for GLP-1 in water and salt homeostasis. This study's aim was to define the effects of GLP-1 on water and sodium excretion in both healthy and obese men. Fifteen healthy subjects and 16 obese men (mean body mass(More)
BACKGROUND GLP-1 is secreted into the circulation after food intake. The main biological effects of GLP-1 include stimulation of glucose dependent insulin secretion and induction of satiety feelings. Recently, it was demonstrated in rats and humans that GLP-1 can stimulate renal excretion of sodium. Based on these data, the existence of a renal GLP-1(More)
The chemokine interleukin (IL)-8 is a cytokine involved in neutrophil attraction and activation and elevated levels have been observed in intestinal inflammation. Anti-inflammatory activities have been attributed to green tea or its major constituent (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG). In this study, we investigated the effects of a defined green tea(More)
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is an inflammatory condition that affects the gastrointestinal tract. The solute carrier (SLC) superfamily of transporters comprise proteins involved in the uptake of drugs, hormones, and other biologically active compounds. The purpose of this study was to determine the mRNA expression levels of 15 solute carrier(More)
The effect of P-glycoprotein inhibition on the uptake of the HIV type 1 protease inhibitor saquinavir into brain capillary endothelial cells was studied using porcine primary brain capillary endothelial cell monolayers as an in vitro test system. As confirmed by polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analysis, this system functionally expressed class I(More)
Clinical findings indicate that co-administration of the isoxazolyl-penicillin flucloxacillin with cyclosporine may reduce the plasma concentrations of cyclosporine. We have explored in the present study if induction of cytochrome P450 3A4 or P-glycoprotein may offer a mechanistic explanation of the observed effects. Flucloxacillin is neither an inhibitor(More)
Human breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP/ABCG2) is an ABC-transporter that is present on the luminal membrane of intestinal epithelial cells and restricts absorption of anticancer drugs such as methotrexate, topotecan, mitoxantrone, and doxorubicin. The exact anatomic distribution of BCRP along the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, however, has not been(More)
Brain capillary endothelial cells form the blood-brain barrier (BBB), a highly selective permeability membrane between the blood and the brain. Besides tight junctions that prevent small hydrophilic compounds from passive diffusion into the brain tissue, the endothelial cells express different families of drug efflux transport proteins that limit the amount(More)