Heike Christoph

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In previous studies we showed that cultured human keratinocytes expressed the 55-kD TNF receptor (TNFR) and that its expression the important for TNF alpha-mediated upregulation of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression on keratinocytes. Because factors that either reduce or enhance TNFR expression are likely to have a major impact on the(More)
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) nuclear antigen 1 (EBNA1) is the only viral protein regularly expressed in EBV-associated malignancies. Immune recognition of EBNA1 by CD8+ T cells is prevented by an internal glycine-alanine repeat (GAr) which blocks proteasomal degradation. To test whether EBV-infected cells could be recognized by T helper cells, human CD4+ T(More)
Despite technical improvements, the mapping of MHC class II epitopes within complex antigens by genetic or biochemical methods is still laborious and expensive. Here, we describe a simple and fast procedure to directly map T helper cell epitopes within known antigens by bacterial expression cloning. Short antigenic fragments, created by digestion of the(More)
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