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Mitochondrial NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase (complex I) is a very large membrane protein complex with a central function in energy metabolism. Complex I from the aerobic yeast Yarrowia lipolytica comprises 14 central subunits that harbour the bioenergetic core functions and at least 28 accessory subunits. Despite progress in structure determination, the(More)
The large membrane protein complexes of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation are composed of central subunits that are essential for their bioenergetic core function and accessory subunits that may assist in regulation, assembly or stabilization. Although sequence conservation is low, a significant proportion of the accessory subunits is characterized by(More)
Mitochondrial LYRM (leucine/tyrosine/arginine motif) proteins are members of the Complex1_LYR-like superfamily. Individual LYRM proteins have been identified as accessory subunits or assembly factors of mitochondrial OXPHOS (oxidative phosphorylation) complexes I, II, III and V respectively, and they play particular roles in the essential Fe-S cluster(More)
Asparagine 131, located near the cytoplasmic entrance of the D-pathway in subunit I of the Paracoccus denitrificans aa(3) cytochrome c oxidase, is a residue crucial for proton pumping. When replaced by an aspartate, the mutant enzyme is completely decoupled: while retaining full cytochrome c oxidation activity, it does not pump protons. The same phenotype(More)
Mitochondrial complex I is the largest and most complicated enzyme of the oxidative phosphorylation system. It comprises a number of so-called accessory subunits of largely unknown structure and function. Here we studied subunit NB4M [NDUFA6, LYR motif containing protein 6 (LYRM6)], a member of the LYRM family of proteins. Chromosomal deletion of the(More)
The structure of the two-subunit cytochrome c oxidase from Paracoccus denitrificans has been refined using X-ray cryodata to 2.25 A resolution in order to gain further insights into its mechanism of action. The refined structural model shows a number of new features including many additional solvent and detergent molecules. The electron density bridging the(More)
Cytochrome c oxidase (CcO) is the terminal enzyme of the respiratory chain. This redox-driven proton pump catalyzes the four-electron reduction of molecular oxygen to water, one of the most fundamental processes in biology. Elucidation of the intermediate structures in the catalytic cycle is crucial for understanding both the mechanism of oxygen reduction(More)
Mitochondrial complex I (proton pumping NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase) is the largest and most complicated component of the respiratory electron transfer chain. Despite its central role in biological energy conversion the structure and function of this membrane integral multiprotein complex is still poorly understood. Recent insights into the structure of(More)
The mechanism of electron coupled proton transfer in cytochrome c oxidase (CcO) is still poorly understood. The P(M)-intermediate of the catalytic cycle is an oxoferryl state whose generation requires one additional electron, which cannot be provided by the two metal centres. The missing electron has been suggested to be donated to this binuclear site by a(More)