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The beta, gamma-crystallins form a class of homologous proteins in the eye lens. Each gamma-crystallin comprises four topologically equivalent, Greek key motifs; pairs of motifs are organized around a local dyad to give domains and two similar domains are in turn related by a further local dyad. Sequence comparisons and model building predicted that(More)
The crystal structure of the FMN-binding domain of human NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase (P450R-FMN), a key component in the cytochrome P450 monooxygenase system, has been determined to 1.93 A resolution and shown to be very similar both to the global fold in solution (Barsukov I et al., 1997, J Biomol NMR 10:63-75) and to the corresponding domain in the(More)
beta-Crystallins are oligomeric eye lens proteins that are related to monomeric gamma-crystallins. The main sequence difference between the two families is the presence of sequence extensions in the beta-crystallins. A major question concerns the role that these extensions play in mediating interactions at the high protein concentrations found in the lens.(More)
N alpha-acetylation is almost exclusively restricted to eukaryotic structural proteins. As a rule it is a post-initiational process, requiring the presence of the enzyme N alpha-acetyltransferase and the acetyl donor acetylcoenzyme A. N alpha-acetyltransferases appear to have a narrow substrate specificity, which is very similar for enzymes from different(More)
The crystal structure of turkey delta-crystallin, a principal soluble components of the avian lens, has been determined to a resolution of 2.5 A. It is a tetramer, of 200,000 M(r), with 222 symmetry. The subunit has a new fold composed of three mainly alpha-helical domains. One domain is a bundle of five long helices which forms a 20-helix bundle at the(More)
Bacteriophage T4 beta-glucosyltransferase (EC 2.4.1.27) catalyses the transfer of glucose from uridine diphosphoglucose to hydroxymethyl groups of modified cytosine bases in T4 duplex DNA forming beta-glycosidic linkages. The enzyme forms part of a phage DNA protection system. We have solved and refined the crystal structure of recombinant(More)
The crystal structure of bovine lens gammaIIIb-crystallin at 2.5 A resolution previously reported was interpreted using a consensus sequence derived from related vertebrate sequences on the assumption that gammaIIIb-crystallin derived from the gammaC-crystallin gene. It has recently been shown that gammaIIIb is a product of the bovine gammaD gene. The(More)
Except for the two acidic chains, beta A2 and beta A4, the primary structures of all bovine beta-crystallins have previously been elucidated, either by direct protein sequencing or prediction from cDNA sequencing. Both beta A2 and beta A4 were found to be synthesized in half-year-old calf lenses and are therefore likely to be present in a cDNA bovine(More)
The structure of mouse submaxillary renin complexed with a decapeptide inhibitor, CH-66 (Piv-His-Pro-Phe-His-Leu-OH-Leu-Tyr-Tyr-Ser-NH2), where Piv denotes a pivaloyl blocking group, and -OH- denotes a hydroxyethylene (-(S)CHOH-CH2-) transition state isostere as a scissile bond surrogate, has been refined to an agreement factor of 0.18 at 2.0 A resolution.(More)