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In this prospective, randomized study, we evaluated whether a closed suctioning (CS) system (TrachCare) influences crossover contamination between bronchial system and gastric juices when compared with an open suctioning system (OS). The secondary aims were an analysis of the frequency of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) and an analysis of alteration(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Recently 2 randomized trials in comatose survivors of cardiac arrest documented that therapeutic hypothermia improved neurological recovery. The narrow inclusion criteria resulted in an international recommendation to cool only a restricted group of primary cardiac arrest survivors. In this retrospective cohort study we investigated(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Sudden death from cardiac arrest is a major health problem that still receives too little publicity. Current therapy after cardiac arrest concentrates on resuscitation efforts because, until now, no specific therapy for brain protection after restoration of spontaneous circulation was available. Therapeutic mild or moderate resuscitative(More)
AIM Mild therapeutic hypothermia has shown to improve long-time survival as well as favorable functional outcome after cardiac arrest. Animal models suggest that ischemic durations beyond 8 min results in progressively worse neurologic deficits. Based on these considerations, it would be obvious that cardiac arrest survivors would benefit most from mild(More)
OBJECTIVE Mild therapeutic hypothermia has shown to improve neurological outcome after cardiac arrest. Our study investigated the efficacy and safety of cold simple intravenous infusions for induction of hypothermia after cardiac arrest preceding further cooling and maintenance of hypothermia by specialised endovascular cooling. METHODS All patients(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY The admission blood glucose level after cardiac arrest is predictive of outcome. However the blood glucose levels in the post-resuscitation period, that are optimal remains a matter of debate. We wanted to assess an association between blood glucose levels at 12h after restoration of spontaneous circulation and neurological recovery over 6(More)
OBJECTIVE Thrombolytic therapy in patients with massive pulmonary embolism (MPE) and prolonged cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is subject to debate. This study was performed to determine whether (1) thrombolytic treatment increases the risk of bleeding complications, (2) if the risk of bleeding is influenced by the duration of CPR and if (3)(More)
OBJECTIVE The components of the 'chain of survival' remain the strongest pathway to save more people from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. The 'Utstein Style' terminology has been applied to this study to evaluate survival in patients cared for by Emergency Medical Technicians--Defibrillation (EMT-D) and physicians in a rural alpine area. METHODS Over a(More)
Objective: To review the clinical profiles and therapies instituted for patients with severe malaria admitted to an ICU.¶Design: Retrospective study.¶Setting: Internal ICU of a tertiary care centre.¶Patients and participants: Between January, 1992, and February, 1999, 104 patients with malaria were admitted to the General Hospital of Vienna. Sixty-nine(More)
BACKGROUND Platelet activation is a hallmark of acute coronary syndromes. Numerous lines of evidence suggest a mechanistic link between von Willebrand factor or platelet hyperfunction and myocardial damage in patients with acute coronary syndromes. Thus, we assessed whether platelet function under high shear rates (collagen adenosine diphosphate closure(More)