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In children with Juvenile Chronic arthritis (JCA), temporomandibular joint involvement may lead to disturbances in dentofacial growth and mandibular function. The aim of this thesis was to study the dentofacial morphology, temporomandibular joint destruction and mandibular function in JCA children, and the relation between these factors. The intention was(More)
The craniofacial growth in children with juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA), especially that of the mandible, and the degree of destruction of the mandibular condyles vary depending on the heterogeneity in duration and intensity of the disease. In JCA children showing destruction of the temporomandibular joint, the dentofacial morphology is characterized by(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of condylar destruction on the craniofacial growth of children with juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA) and to compare their craniofacial structure with that of healthy children with ideal or postnormal occlusion. Thirty-five children (7 to 16 years) affected by JCA were compared with 136 children (7(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the amount and pattern of relapse of maxillary front teeth previously retained with a bonded retainer. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study group consisted of 135 study casts from 45 patients. Recordings from study models before treatment (T1), at debonding (T2), and 1 year after removal of the retainer (T3) were present. All patients(More)
The changes in craniofacial growth and development of dental occlusion were studied in children with juvenile chronic arthritis (JCA), and treatment with functional orthodontic appliances (activators) was tested in both JCA and healthy children with distal occlusion. Fifteen JCA children with Angle Class I occlusion and 15 JCA children with Angle Class II(More)
The aim of this study was to estimate the influence of functional alterations on the size of the mandibular condyle and to elucidate in detail, by means of histomorphometric analysis, the effect of changing the consistency of the diet on different portions of the condylar cartilage in growing rats. Forty growing rats were randomly divided into 2 groups. One(More)
The aims of this investigation were to study the relation between facial morphology and bite force at different ages during growth and to investigate possible relations between bite force and the variables age, finger force, stature, and sex in growing healthy individuals. One hundred and thirty-six individuals were included, consisting of six groups of(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate treatment outcome in patients with second molar impaction and retention. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 135 second molars, 65 in the maxilla and 70 in the mandible were collected from 87 patients (45 girls and 42 boys) with a mean age of 15 years (range: 11- 19 years). Available patient records, x-rays, study casts, and photos were(More)
The aim of this study was to develop and apply a reliable method of measuring the effects of condylar lesions quantitatively on panoramic radiographs. Three different types of machines were tested. Two dry skulls were exposed in six positions in each machine, and the relative size of the condyle in relation to ramus height was calculated. The results showed(More)
The aim of this prospective, longitudinal, controlled study is to describe the long-term safety and efficacy of growth hormone (GH) administration on craniofacial morphology in boys with short stature. Forty-six boys, who started GH treatment at the Department of Paediatrics Göteborg Paediatric Growth Research Centre, were consecutively included in the(More)