Heidrun Gutbrod

Learn More
Small molecule inhibitors of protein kinases are widely used in signal transduction research and are emerging as a major class of drugs. Although interpretation of biological results obtained with these reagents critically depends on their selectivity, efficient methods for proteome-wide assessment of kinase inhibitor selectivity have not yet been reported.(More)
The X and Y chromosomes of the platyfish (Xiphophorus maculatus) contain a region that encodes several important traits, including the determination of sex, pigment pattern formation, and predisposition to develop malignant melanoma. Several sex-chromosomal crossovers were identified in this region. As the melanoma-inducing oncogene Xmrk is the only(More)
The Xiphophorus hybrid melanoma model represents one of the earliest reported cases of genetically regulated tumor susceptibility. Melanoma formation in Xiphophorus hybrids may be explained by the inheritance of two genes: a sex-linked oncogene, Xmrk, and a putative tumor suppressor locus, termed DIFF, located in Linkage Group V (LG V). Several genetic(More)
The overexpression of the Xmrk oncogene (ONC-Xmrk) in pigment cells of certain Xiphophorus hybrids has been found to be the primary change that results in the formation of malignant melanoma. Spontaneous mutant stocks have been isolated that have lost the ability to induce tumor formation when crossed with Xiphophorus helleri. Two of these loss-of-function(More)
Small aquarium fishes become increasingly important in the study of normal vertebrate development and disease. Differential DNA methylation might play a role in these processes. In the teleost Xiphophorus, a well-established animal model for melanoma formation, tumour-specific hypomethylation of the melanoma-inducing gene ONC-Xmrk has been observed. We have(More)
Overexpression of the oncogenic receptor tyrosine kinase ONC-Xmrk is the first step in the development of hereditary malignant melanoma in the fish Xiphophorus. However, overexpression of its proto-oncogene counterpart (INV-Xmrk) is not sufficient for the oncogenic function of the receptor. Compared with INV-Xmrk, the ONC-Xmrk receptor displays 14 amino(More)
  • 1